|This filing was published in the 04/01/2006, issue, Vol. 2006, No. 7, of the Utah State Bulletin.|
|[ 04/01/2006 Bulletin Table of Contents / Bulletin Page ]|
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Permit: New and Modified Sources
NOTICE OF CHANGE IN PROPOSED RULE
DAR File No.: 28325
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this amendment is to make changes in response to public comments.
Summary of the rule or change:
The following changes are made in response to public comments: 1) cross references within Subsections R307-401-15(1)(b), R307-401-16(2), R307-401-9(4), and Section R307-401-17 are corrected; 2) in Subsection R307-401-14(3), "his representative" is changed to "executive secretary's representative"; 3) in Sections R307-401-1 and R307-401-4, replaces "source" and "sources" with "installation" and "installations" to be consistent with the Utah Air Conservation Act (Title 19, Chapter 2, of the Utah Code) and to ensure no change in the applicability provision of Rule R307-401; 4) replaces "a source" in Section R307-401-1 with "owner or operator"; and 5) in Subsection R307-401-5(1), replaces "the owner or operator of any stationary source" with "any person" to ensure consistency with the Utah Air Conservation Act and to ensure no change in the applicability provisions. (DAR NOTE: This change in proposed rule has been filed to make additional changes to a proposed repeal and reenactment that was published in the December 1, 2005, issue of the Utah State Bulletin, on page 14. Underlining in the rule below indicates text that has been added since the publication of the proposed rule mentioned above; strike-out indicates text that has been deleted. You must view the change in proposed rule and the proposed repeal and reenactment together to understand all of the changes that will be enforceable should the agency make this rule effective.)
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
Subsection 19-2-104(3)(q) and Section 19-2-108
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
The changes correct the original proposal but make no change in costs to the state budget.
The changes correct the original proposal but make no change in costs to local government budgets.
The changes correct the original proposal but make no change in costs to other persons.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The changes correct the original proposal but make no change in costs to affected persons.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
These changes correct the original proposal and have no fiscal impact on businesses. Dianne R. Nielson, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:
150 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
Jan Miller at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4042, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
M. Cheryl Heying, Planning Branch Manager
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-401. Permit: New and Modified Sources.
rule establishes the application and permitting requirements for new [
(1) The following additional definitions apply to R307-401.
"Actual emissions" (a) means the actual rate of emissions of an air contaminant from an emissions unit, as determined in accordance with paragraphs (b) through (d) below.
(b) In general, actual emissions as of a particular date shall equal the average rate, in tons per year, at which the unit actually emitted the air contaminant during a consecutive 24-month period which precedes the particular date and which is representative of normal source operation. The executive secretary shall allow the use of a different time period upon a determination that it is more representative of normal source operation. Actual emissions shall be calculated using the unit's actual operating hours, production rates, and types of materials processed, stored, or combusted during the selected time period.
(c) The executive secretary may presume that source-specific allowable emissions for the unit are equivalent to the actual emissions of the unit.
(d) For any emissions unit that has not begun normal operations on the particular date, actual emissions shall equal the potential to emit of the unit on that date.
available control technology" means an emissions limitation (including a
visible emissions standard) based on the maximum degree of reduction for each
air contaminant which would be emitted from any proposed stationary source or
modification which the executive secretary, on a case-by-case basis, taking
into account energy, environmental, and economic impacts and other costs,
determines is achievable for such source or modification through application of
production processes or available methods, systems, and techniques, including
fuel cleaning or treatment or innovative fuel [
"Building, structure, facility, or installation" means all of the pollutant-emitting activities which belong to the same industrial grouping, are located on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties, and are under the control of the same person (or persons under common control) except the activities of any vessel. Pollutant-emitting activities shall be considered as part of the same industrial grouping if they belong to the same Major Group (i.e., which have the same two-digit code) as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, as amended by the 1977 Supplement (U.S. Government Printing Office stock numbers 4101-0066 and 003-005-00176-0, respectively).
"Construction" means any physical change or change in the method of operation (including fabrication, erection, installation, demolition, or modification of an emissions unit) that would result in a change in emissions.
"Emissions unit" means any part of a stationary source that emits or would have the potential to emit any air contaminant.
"Fugitive emissions" means those emissions which could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening.
"Indirect source" means a building, structure, facility or installation which attracts or may attract mobile source activity that results in emission of a pollutant for which there is a national standard.
"Potential to emit" means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit an air contaminant under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the source to emit a pollutant, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is enforceable. Secondary emissions do not count in determining the potential to emit of a stationary source.
"Secondary emissions" means emissions which occur as a result of the construction or operation of a major stationary source or major modification, but do not come from the major stationary source or major modification itself. Secondary emissions include emissions from any offsite support facility which would not be constructed or increase its emissions except as a result of the construction or operation of the major stationary source or major modification. Secondary emissions do not include any emissions which come directly from a mobile source, such as emissions from the tailpipe of a motor vehicle, from a train, or from a vessel.
"Stationary source" means any building, structure, facility, or installation which emits or may emit an air contaminant.
(1) R307-401 applies to any person intending to:
(a) construct a new installation which will or might reasonably be expected to become a source or an indirect source of air pollution, or
(b) make modifications or relocate an existing installation which will or might reasonably be expected to increase the amount or change the effect of, or the character of, air contaminants discharged, so that such installation may be expected to become a source or indirect source of air pollution, or
(c) install a control apparatus or other
equipment intended to control emissions of air contaminants[
(2) R307-403, R307-405 and R307-406 may establish additional permitting requirements for new or modified sources.
(a) Exemptions contained in R307-401 do not affect applicability or other requirements under R307-403, R307-405 or R307-406.
(b) Exemptions contained in R307-403, R307-405 or R307-406 do not affect applicability or other requirements under R307-401, unless specifically authorized in this rule.
R307-401-4. General Requirements.
general requirements in (1) through (3) below apply to all new and modified [
(1) Any control apparatus installed on [
(2) If the executive secretary determines that
an exempted [
(3) Low Oxides of Nitrogen Burner Technology.
(a) Except as provided in (b) below, whenever existing fuel combustion burners are replaced, the owner or operator shall install low oxides of nitrogen burners or equivalent oxides of nitrogen controls, as determined by the executive secretary, unless such equipment is not physically practical or cost effective. The owner or operator shall submit a demonstration that the equipment is not physically practical or cost effective to the executive secretary for review and approval prior to beginning construction.
(b) The provisions of (a) above do not apply to non-commercial, residential buildings.
R307-401-5. Notice of Intent.
(1) Except as provided in R307-401-9 through
(2) The notice of intent shall include the following information:
(a) A description of the nature of the processes involved; the nature, procedures for handling and quantities of raw materials; the type and quantity of fuels employed; and the nature and quantity of finished product.
(b) Expected composition and physical characteristics of effluent stream both before and after treatment by any control apparatus, including emission rates, volume, temperature, air contaminant types, and concentration of air contaminants.
(c) Size, type and performance characteristics of any control apparatus.
(d) An analysis of best available control technology for the proposed source or modification. When determining best available control technology for a new or modified source in an ozone nonattainment or maintenance area that will emit volatile organic compounds or nitrogen oxides, the owner or operator of the source shall consider EPA Control Technique Guidance (CTG) documents and Alternative Control Technique documents that are applicable to the source. Best available control technology shall be at least as stringent as any published CTG that is applicable to the source.
(e) Location and elevation of the emission point and other factors relating to dispersion and diffusion of the air contaminant in relation to nearby structures and window openings, and other information necessary to appraise the possible effects of the effluent.
(f) The location of planned sampling points and the tests of the completed installation to be made by the owner or operator when necessary to ascertain compliance.
(g) The typical operating schedule.
(h) A schedule for construction.
(i) Any plans, specifications and related information that are in final form at the time of submission of notice of intent.
(j) Any additional information required by:
(i) R307-403, Permits: New and Modified Sources in Nonattainment Areas and Maintenance Areas;
(ii) R307-405, Permits: Major Sources in Attainment or Unclassified Areas (PSD);
(iii) R307-406, Visibility;
(iv) R307-410, Emissions Impact Analysis;
(v) R307-420, Permits: Ozone Offset Requirements in Davis and Salt Lake Counties; or
(vi) R307-421, Permits: PM10 Offset Requirements in Salt Lake County and Utah County.
(k) Any other information necessary to determine if the proposed source or modification will be in compliance with Title R307.
R307-401-9. Small Source Exemption.
(1) A small stationary source is exempted from the requirement to obtain an approval order in R307-401-5 through 8 if the following conditions are met.
(a) its actual emissions are less than 5 tons per year per air contaminant of any of the following air contaminants: sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, PM10, ozone, or volatile organic compounds;
(b) its actual emissions are less than 500 pounds per year of any hazardous air pollutant and less than 2000 pounds per year of any combination of hazardous air pollutants;
(c) its actual emissions are less than 500 pounds per year of any air contaminant not listed in (a)( or (b) above and less than 2000 pounds per year of any combination of air contaminants not listed in (a) or (b) above.
(d) Air contaminants that are drawn from the environment through equipment in intake air and then are released back to the environment without chemical change, as well as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, argon, neon, helium, krypton, xenon should not be included in emission calculations when determining applicability under (a) through (c) above.
(2) The owner or operator of a source that is exempted from the requirement to obtain an approval order under (1) above shall no longer be exempt if actual emissions in any subsequent year exceed the emission thresholds in (1) above. The owner or operator shall submit a notice of intent under R307-401-5 no later than 180 days after the end of the calendar year in which the source exceeded the emission threshold.
(3) Small Source Exemption - Registration. The executive secretary will maintain a registry of sources that are claiming an exemption under R307-401-9. The owner or operator of a stationary source that is claiming an exemption under R307-401-9 may submit a written registration notice to the executive secretary. The notice shall include the following minimum information:
(a) identifying information, including company name and address, location of source, telephone number, and name of plant site manager or point of contact;
(b) a description of the nature of the processes involved, equipment, anticipated quantities of materials used, the type and quantity of fuel employed and nature and quantity of the finished product;
(c) identification of expected emissions;
(d) estimated annual emission rates;
(e) any control apparatus used; and
(f) typical operating schedule.
(4) An exemption under R307-401-9 does not
affect the requirements of R307-401-1[
R307-401-14. Used Oil Fuel Burned for Energy Recovery.
"Boiler" means boiler as defined in R315-1-1 that incorporates by reference the term "boiler" in 40 CFR 260.10, 2000 ed., as amended by 67 FR 2962, January 22, 2002.
"Used Oil" is defined as any oil that has been refined from crude oil, used, and, as a result of such use contaminated by physical or chemical impurities.
(2) Boilers burning used oil for energy recovery are exempted from the requirement to obtain an approval order in R307-401-5 through 8 if the following requirements are met:
(a) the heat input design is less than one million BTU/hr;
(b) contamination levels of all used oil to be burned do not exceed any of the following values:
(i) arsenic - 5 ppm by weight,
(ii) cadmium - 2 ppm by weight,
(iii) chromium - 10 ppm by weight,
(iv) lead - 100 ppm by weight,
(v) total halogens - 1,000 ppm by weight,
(vi) Sulfur - 0.50% by weight; and
(c) the flash point of all used oil to be burned is at least 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
The owner or operator shall test each load of used oil received or
generated as directed by the executive secretary to ensure it meets these
requirements. Testing may be performed by the owner/operator or documented by
test reports from the used fuel oil vendor. The flash point shall be measured
using the appropriate ASTM method as required by the executive secretary.
Records for used oil consumption and test reports are to be kept for all
periods when fuel-burning equipment is in operation. The records shall be kept
on site and made available to the executive secretary or [
R307-401-15. Air Strippers and Soil Venting Projects.
(1) The owner or operator of an air stripper or soil venting system that is used to remediate contaminated groundwater or soil is exempt from the notice of intent and approval order requirements of R307-401-5 through 8 if the following conditions are met:
(a) the estimated total air emissions of volatile organic compounds from a given project are less than the de minimis emissions listed in R307-401-9(1)(a), and
(b) the level of any one hazardous air pollutant
or any combination of hazardous air pollutants is below the levels listed in
(2) The owner or operator shall submit documentation that the project meets the exemption requirements in (1) above to the executive secretary prior to beginning the remediation project.
(3) After beginning the soil remediation project, the owner or operator shall submit emissions information to the executive secretary to verify that the emission rates of the volatile organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants in (1) above are not exceeded. Emissions estimates of volatile organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants shall be based on test data obtained in accordance with the test method in the EPA document SW-846, Test #8020 or #8021 or other test or monitoring method approved by the executive secretary. Results of the test and calculated annual quantity of emissions of volatile organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants shall be submitted to the executive secretary within one month of sampling. The test samples shall be drawn on intervals of no less than twenty-eight days and no more than thirty-one days (i.e., monthly) for the first quarter, quarterly for the first year, and semi-annually thereafter or as determined necessary by the executive secretary.
(4) The following control devices do not require a notice of intent or approval order when used in relation to an air stripper or soil venting project exempted under R307-401-15:
(a) thermodestruction unit with a rated input capacity of less than five million BTU per hour using no other auxiliary fuel than natural gas or LPG, or
(b) carbon adsorption unit.
R307-401-16. De minimis Emissions From Soil Aeration Projects.
An owner or operator of a soil remediation project is not subject to the notice of intent and approval order requirements of R307-401-5 through 8 when soil aeration or land farming is used to conduct a soil remediation, if the owner or operator submits the following information to the executive secretary prior to beginning the remediation project:
(1) documentation that the estimated total air emissions of volatile organic compounds, using an appropriate sampling method, from the project are less than the de minimis emissions listed in R307-401-9(1)(a);
(2) documentation that the levels of any one
hazardous air pollutant or any combination of hazardous air pollutants are less
than the levels in R307-410-[
(3) the location of the remediation and where the remediated material originated.
R307-401-17. Temporary Relocation.
owner or operator of a stationary source previously approved under R307-401 may
temporarily relocate and operate the stationary source at any site for up to
180 working days in any calendar year not to exceed 365 consecutive days,
starting from the initial relocation date. The executive secretary will
evaluate the expected emissions impact at the site and compliance with
applicable Title R307 rules as the bases for determining if approval for
temporary relocation may be granted. Records of the working days at each site,
consecutive days at each site, and actual production rate shall be submitted to
the executive secretary at the end of each 180 calendar days. These records
shall also be kept on site by the owner or operator for the entire project, and
be made available for review to the executive secretary as requested.
R307-401-7, Public Notice, does not apply to temporary relocations under
KEY: air pollution, permits, approval order
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: 2006
Notice of Continuation: August 11, 2003
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-104(3)(q); 19-2-108
For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Jan Miller at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4042, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules (801-538-3764). Please Note: The Division of Administrative Rules is NOT able to answer questions about the content or application of these administrative rules.
|[ 04/01/2006 Bulletin Table of Contents / Bulletin Page ]|
|Last modified: 03/29/2006 12:48 PM|