This filing was published in the 01/15/2007, issue, Vol. 2007, No. 2, of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Drinking Water
Monitoring and Water Quality: Public Notification Requirements
NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULE
DAR File No.: 29367
Filed: 12/26/2006, 01:01
Received by: NL
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
This rule change is to address the changes required by the federal Long Term 1 and 2 Surface Water Treatment rules (LT1 and LT2), the Stage 2 Disinfection Byproducts rule (Stage 2), and the Improvement Priority rule (IPS). There are a total of eight amendments that address these rules (Rules R309-105, R309-110, R309-200, R309-210, R309-215, R309-220, R309-225, and R309-150). This rule adoption is necessary to maintain primacy. (DAR NOTE: The proposed amendments are as follows: Rule R309-105 under DAR No. 29369, Rule R309-110 under DAR No. 29364, Rule R309-200 under DAR No. 29371, Rule R309-210 under DAR No. 29365, Rule R309-215 under DAR No. 29366, Rule R309-220 under DAR No. 29367, Rule R309-225 under DAR No. 29368, and Rule R309-150 (changed to R309-400) under DAR No. 29363 all in this issue, January 15, 2007, of the Bulletin.)
Summary of the rule or change:
This change incorporates the public notification requirements of LT1, LT2, and Stage 2.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
Section 19-4-104, and 40 CFR 141 subparts T, W, L, U and V
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
Costs for the state budget, local governments, and other persons will be based on an aggregate for the changes in Rules R309-105, R309-110, R309-200, R309-210, R309-215, R309-220, R309-225 and R309-150. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates state costs to be $9,260,000 annually. Using the percentage of Utah systems versus the national total (approximately 1%), Utah's annual impact is approximately $92,600.
For this rule change, aggregate costs will vary by water system size, sources utilized, and type of treatment. EPA estimates the total national annual cost at $143,407,000. Again using the percentage of Utah systems versus the national total, Utah's systems' impact is estimated to be $1,434,070 annually.
Other persons that own and operate a public water system may have the same cost impact as listed under "local government" above. Costs to consumers will vary depending upon the water system size. EPA estimates the cost to vary from $1 to $301 per household per year.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Aggregate compliance costs for the rule change will vary depending upon the water system size, type of source, and type of treatment. EPA estimates the cost to vary from $1 to $301 per household per year. The highest costs are associated with the very small public water systems where there are very few connections to spread the cost of monitoring and treatment across. Persons that own and operate a public water system may have the same cost impact as listed under "local government" above.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The Department of Environmental Quality agrees with the comments in the cost and compliance summaries above. Dianne R. Nielson, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
150 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
Patti Fauver at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4196, by FAX at 801-536-4211, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Ken Bousfield, Acting Director
R309. Environmental Quality, Drinking Water.
R309-220. Monitoring and Water Quality: Public Notification Requirements.
The purpose of this rule is to outline the public notification requirements for public water systems.
R309-220-4 General public notification requirements.
R309-220-5 Tier 1 Public Notice -- Form, manner, and frequency of notice.
R309-220-6 Tier 2 Public Notice -- Form, manner, and frequency of notice.
R309-220-7 Tier 3 Public Notice -- Form, manner, and frequency of notice.
R309-220-8 Content of the public notice.
R309-220-9 Notice to new billing units or new customers.
R309-220-10 Special notice of the availability of unregulated contaminant monitoring results.
R309-220-11 Special notice for exceedance of the SMCL for fluoride.
R309-220-12 Special notice for nitrate exceedances above MCL by non-community water systems (NCWS), where granted permission by the Executive Secretary.
Notice by Executive Secretary on behalf of the public water system.
R309-220-14] Standard Health Effects Language.
R309-220-5. Tier 1 Public Notice -- Form, Manner and Frequency of Notice.
(1) Violation Categories and Other Situations Requiring a Tier 1 Public Notice:
(a) Violation of the MCL for total coliforms when fecal coliform or E. coli are present in the water distribution system (as specified in R309-200-5(6)(b)), or when the water system fails to test for fecal coliforms or E. coli when any repeat sample tests positive for coliform (as specified in R309-205-5(5));
(b) Violation of the MCL for nitrate, nitrite, or total nitrate and nitrite, as defined in R309-200-5(1)(c), Table 200-1, or when the water system fails to take a confirmation sample within 24 hours of the system's receipt of the first sample showing an exceedance of the nitrate or nitrite MCL, as specified in R309-205-5(1)(e)(ii);
(c) Exceedance of the nitrate MCL by non-community water systems, where permitted to exceed the MCL by the Executive Secretary under R309-200-5(1)(c), Table 200-1, note (4)(b), as required under R309-220-12;
(d) Violation of the MRDL for chlorine dioxide, as defined in 40 CFR section 141.65(a), when one or more samples taken in the distribution system the day following an exceedance of the MRDL at the entrance of the distribution system exceed the MRDL, or when the water system does not take the required samples in the distribution system, as specified in 40 CFR section 141.133(c)(2)(i);
(e) Violation of the turbidity MCL under R309-200-5(5)(a), where the Executive Secretary determines after consultation that a Tier 1 notice is required or where consultation does not take place within 24 hours after the system learns of the violation;
(f) Violation of the Surface Water Treatment
or] Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment rule
(IESWTR) treatment technique requirement resulting from a single exceedance of the
maximum allowable turbidity limit, where the Executive Secretary determines
after consultation that a Tier 1 notice is required or where consultation does
not take place within 24 hours after the system learns of the violation;
(g) Occurrence of a waterborne disease outbreak, as defined in R309-110, or other waterborne emergency (such as a failure or significant interruption in key water treatment processes, a natural disaster that disrupts the water supply or distribution system, or a chemical spill or unexpected loading of possible pathogens into the source water that significantly increases the potential for drinking water contamination);
(h) Other violations or situations with significant potential to have serious adverse effects on human health as a result of short-term exposure, as determined by the Executive Secretary either in its rules or on a case-by-case basis.
(2) Frequency of the Tier 1 Public Notice and Additional Steps Required:
Public water systems must:
(a) Provide a public notice as soon as practical but no later than 24 hours after the system learns of the violation;
(b) Initiate consultation with the Executive Secretary as soon as practical, but no later than 24 hours after the public water system learns of the violation or situation, to determine additional public notice requirements; and
(c) Comply with any additional public notification requirements (including any repeat notices or direction on the duration of the posted notices) that are established as a result of the consultation with the Executive Secretary. Such requirements may include the timing, form, manner, frequency, and content of repeat notices (if any) and other actions designed to reach all persons served.
(3) Form and Manner of the Public Notice:
Public water systems must provide the notice within 24 hours in a form and manner reasonably calculated to reach all persons served. The form and manner used by the public water system are to fit the specific situation, but must be designed to reach residential, transient, and non-transient users of the water system. In order to reach all persons served, water systems are to use, at a minimum, one or more of the following forms of delivery:
(a) Appropriate broadcast media (such as radio and television);
(b) Posting of the notice in conspicuous locations throughout the area served by the water system;
(c) Hand delivery of the notice to persons served by the water system; or
(d) Another delivery method approved in writing by the Executive Secretary.
R309-220-6. Tier 2 Public Notice -- Form, Manner and Frequency of Notice.
(1) Violation Categories And Other Situations Requiring a Tier 2 Public Notice:
(a) All violations of the MCL, MRDL, and treatment technique requirements, except where a Tier 1 notice is required under R309-220-5(1) or where the Executive Secretary determines that a Tier 1 notice is required;
(b) Violations of the monitoring and testing procedure requirements, where the Executive Secretary determines that a Tier 2 rather than a Tier 3 public notice is required, taking into account potential health impacts and persistence of the violation; and
(c) Failure to comply with the terms and conditions of any variance or exemption in place.
(2) Frequency of the Tier 2 Public Notice:
(a) Public water systems must provide the public notice as soon as practical, but no later than 30 days after the system learns of the violation. If the public notice is posted, the notice must remain in place for as long as the violation or situation persists, but in no case for less than seven days, even if the violation or situation is resolved. The Executive Secretary may, in appropriate circumstances, allow additional time for the initial notice of up to three months from the date the system learns of the violation. It is not appropriate for the Executive Secretary to grant an extension to the 30-day deadline for any unresolved violation or to allow across-the-board extensions by rule or policy for other violations or situations requiring a Tier 2 public notice. Extensions granted by the Executive Secretary must be in writing.
(b) The public water system must repeat the notice every three months as long as the violation or situation persists, unless the Executive Secretary determines that appropriate circumstances warrant a different repeat notice frequency. In no circumstance may the repeat notice be given less frequently than once per year. It is not appropriate for the Executive Secretary to allow less frequent repeat notice for an MCL violation under the Total Coliform Rule or a treatment technique violation under the Surface Water Treatment Rule, Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule or Filter Backwash Recycling Rule. It is also not appropriate for the Executive Secretary to allow through its rules or policies across-the-board reductions in the repeat notice frequency for other ongoing violations requiring a Tier 2 repeat notice. Executive Secretary determinations allowing repeat notices to be given less frequently than once every three months must be in writing.
(c) For the turbidity violations specified in this paragraph, public water systems must consult with the Executive Secretary as soon as practical but no later than 24 hours after the public water system learns of the violation, to determine whether a Tier 1 public notice under R309-220-5(1) is required to protect public health. When consultation does not take place within the 24-hour period, the water system must distribute a Tier 1 notice of the violation within the next 24 hours (i.e., no later than 48 hours after the system learns of the violation), following the requirements under R309-220-5(2) and (3). Consultation with the Executive Secretary is required for:
(i) Violation of the turbidity MCL under R309-200-5(5)(a); or
(ii) Violation of
the SWTR [
or ]IESWTR treatment technique
requirement resulting from a single exceedance of the maximum allowable turbidity
(3) Form and Manner of the Public Notice:
Public water systems must provide the initial public notice and any repeat notices in a form and manner that is reasonably calculated to reach persons served in the required time period. The form and manner of the public notice may vary based on the specific situation and type of water system, but it must at a minimum meet the following requirements:
(a) Unless directed otherwise by the Executive Secretary in writing, community water systems must provide notice by:
(i) Mail or other direct delivery to each customer receiving a bill and to other service connections to which water is delivered by the public water system; and
(ii) Any other method reasonably calculated to reach other persons regularly served by the system, if they would not normally be reached by the notice required in paragraph (3)(a)(i) of this section. Such persons may include those who do not pay water bills or do not have service connection addresses (e.g., house renters, apartment dwellers, university students, nursing home patients, prison inmates, etc.). Other methods may include: publication in a local newspaper; delivery of multiple copies for distribution by customers that provide their drinking water to others (e.g., apartment building owners or large private employers); posting in public places served by the system or on the Internet; or delivery to community organizations.
(b) Unless directed otherwise by the Executive Secretary in writing, non-community water systems must provide notice by:
(i) Posting the notice in conspicuous locations throughout the distribution system frequented by persons served by the system, or by mail or direct delivery to each customer and service connection (where known); and
(ii) Any other method reasonably calculated to reach other persons served by the system if they would not normally be reached by the notice required in paragraph (3)(b)(i) of this section. Such persons may include those served who may not see a posted notice because the posted notice is not in a location they routinely pass by. Other methods may include: publication in a local newspaper or newsletter distributed to customers; use of E-mail to notify employees or students; or, delivery of multiple copies in central locations (e.g., community centers).
Notice by Executive Secretary on behalf of the Public Water System.
(1) The Executive Secretary may give the notice required by this rule on behalf of the owner and operator of the public water system if the Executive Secretary complies with the requirements of this rule.
(2) The owner or operator of the public water system remains responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this rule are met.
R309-220-14.] Standard Health Effects Language.
. . . . . . .
KEY: drinking water, public notification, health effects
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
September 13, 2005]
Notice of Continuation: May 16, 2005
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-4-104; 63-46b-4
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Patti Fauver at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4196, by FAX at 801-536-4211, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules (801-538-3764). Please Note: The Division of Administrative Rules is NOT able to answer questions about the content or application of these administrative rules.
Last modified: 01/11/2007 1:21 PM