This filing was published in the 11/01/2008, issue, Vol. 2008, No. 21, of the Utah State Bulletin.
Natural Resources, Wildlife Resources
NOTICE OF 120-DAY (EMERGENCY) RULE
DAR File No.: 32004
Filed: 10/07/2008, 01:01
Received by: NL
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
This rule defines procedures and regulations to prevent and control the spread of aquatic invasive species within the State of Utah.
Summary of the rule or change:
This emergency rule amendment is to add three bodies of waters to the infested waters list. The bodies of water include: Grand Lake, CO; Shadow Mountain Reservoir, CO; and Willow Creek Reservoir, CO.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
Sections 23-27-401, 23-14-18, and 23-14-19
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
DWR determines that these amendments do create a cost impact to the state budget or DWR's budget. The 2008 Utah Legislative Session appropriated $2,500,000 to aid in the implementation costs associated with this rule.
This rule does not create any direct cost or savings impact to local governments because they are not directly affected by the rule. Nor are local governments indirectly impacted because the rule does not create a situation requiring services from local governments.
small businesses and persons other than businesses:
This rule may create a cost impact to boat owners and other water enthusiasts in Utah in that if Dreissena Mussels are found in Utah the cost to decontaminate boats and other conveyances will be at the expense of the owner.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
DWR determines that this rule may create a cost impact to individuals who own water vessels and boat in infested waters, because they would be required to decontaminate the conveyance.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The amendments to this rule do not create an impact on businesses. Michael R. Styler, Executive Director
Emergency rule reason and justification:
Regular rulemaking procedures would cause an imminent peril to the public health, safety, or welfare.
Quagga and Zebra mussels are invasive aquatic wildlife species from the European continent. The two species became established in the Eastern United States a decade ago by transatlantic ocean liners taking on ballast water in European ports and then discharging the water in North American ports. Since then the species have spread throughout the Mississippi River basin causing millions of dollars in damage each year to hydroelectric facilities, heavy industry, irrigation companies, and wild fisheries. The mussels attach to solid objects in the water and colonize by building layer upon layer of shells. Their prolific reproduction and colonization characteristics plug water lines in reservoirs, hydroelectric plants, industrial facilities, boat engines, irrigation systems, etc. The mussels spread from one water to another primarily by attaching to boats. Last year, lower Colorado River reservoirs, such as Lake Mead and Lake Havasu, were found infested with Quagga mussels. Many recreationists that boat in these waters also boat in Utah waters which presents an imminent threat to Utah's industrial and agricultural infrastructure that uses and transports water through pipeline. S.B. 238 was passed into law during the 2008 General Legislative Session which makes it unlawful to transport a boat from an infested water without first decontaminating it and gives the state specialized interdiction tools to prevent the spread of the mussels into Utah waters. S.B. 238 charges the Division of Wildlife Resources (DWR) to promulgate administrative rules designating the waters that are considered infested for purposes of boat decontamination and to establish decontamination requirements and procedures. Without these regulatory components in rule, S.B. 238 is largely unenforceable. Given the recreational boat traffic between Lower Colorado River waters and Utah waters, the threat of Quagga mussels spreading to Utah is imminent without the rule's interdiction elements that give S.B. 238 traction to move forward and fulfill its purpose. Emergency rulemaking is necessary to effectively protect Utah waters from Quagga mussel infestation and the imminent peril infestation presents to public health, safety, and welfare. (DAR NOTE: S.B. 238 (2008) is found at Chapter 284, Laws of Utah 2008, and was effective 05/05/2008.)
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Natural Resources
1594 W NORTH TEMPLE
SALT LAKE CITY UT 84116-3154
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
Staci Coons at the above address, by phone at 801-538-4718, by FAX at 801-538-4709, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule is effective on:
James F Karpowitz, Director
R657. Natural Resources, Wildlife Resources.
R657-60. Aquatic Invasive Species Interdiction.
(1) Terms used in this rule are defined in Section 23-13-2 and 23-27-101.
(2) In addition:
(a) "Conveyance" means a terrestrial or aquatic vehicle, including a vessel, or a vehicle part that may carry or contain a Dreissena mussel.
(b) "Decontaminate" means to:
(i) Self-decontaminate equipment or a conveyance that has been in an infested water in the previous 30 days by:
(A) removing all plants, fish, mussels and mud from the equipment or conveyance;
(B) draining all water from the equipment or conveyance, including water held in ballast tanks, bilges, livewells, and motors; and
(C) drying the equipment or conveyance for no less than 7 days in June, July and August;18 days in September, October, November, March, April and May; 30 days in December, January and February; or expose the equipment or conveyance to sub-freezing temperatures for 72 consecutive hours; or
(ii) Professionally decontaminate equipment or a conveyance that has been in an infested water in the previous 30 days by:
(A) Using a professional decontamination service approved by the division to apply scalding water (140 degrees Fahrenheit) to completely wash the equipment or conveyance and flush any areas where water is held, including ballast tanks, bilges, livewells, and motors.
(c) "Dreissena mussel" means a mussel of the genus Dreissena at any life stage, including a zebra mussel, a quagga mussel and a Conrad's false mussel.
(d) "Controlling entity" means the owner, operator, or manager of a water body, facility, or a water supply system.
(e) "Equipment" means an article, tool, implement, or device capable of carrying or containing water or Dreissena mussel.
(f) "Facility" means a structure that is located within or adjacent to a water body
(g) "Infested water" includes all the following:
lower Colorado River between Lake Mead and the Gulf of California;
(ii) Lake Granby, Colorado;
ii]) Lake Mead in Nevada and Arizona;
iv]) Lake Mohave in Nevada and Arizona;
v]) Lake Havasu in California and Arizona;
vi]) Lake Pueblo in Colorado;
vii]) Lake Pleasant in Arizona;
viii]) San Justo Reservoir in California;
ix]) Southern California inland waters in Orange, Riverside, San
Diego, Imperial, and San Bernardino
) coastal and inland waters east of the100th Meridian in North America; and
xi]) other waters established by the Wildlife Board and published on
the DWR website.
(h) "Vessel" means every type of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
(i) "Water body" means natural or impounded surface water, including a stream, river, spring, lake, reservoir, pond, wetland, tank, and fountain.
(j) "Water supply system" means a system that treats, conveys, or distributes water for irrigation, industrial, wastewater treatment, or culinary use, including a pump, canal, ditch or, pipeline.
(i) "Water supply system" does not included a water body.
KEY: fish, wildlife, wildlife law
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: October 10, 2008
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 23-27-401; 23-14-18; 23-14-19
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Staci Coons at the above address, by phone at 801-538-4718, by FAX at 801-538-4709, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules (801-538-3764).
Last modified: 10/29/2008 9:23 PM