Utah Department of Administrative Services Division of Administrative Rules

File No. 32966

This rule was published in the October 1, 2009, issue (Vol. 2009, No. 19) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Environmental Quality, Solid and Hazardous Waste

Section R315-1-1

Definitions

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Amendment)

DAR File No.: 32966
Filed: 09/14/2009 02:15:50 PM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

This amendment adopts equivalent federal regulations to maintain equivalency with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Summary of the rule or change:

This proposed rule change adopts the federal definition of "gasification" into the state hazardous waste rules.

State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Section 19-6-105
  • Section 19-6-106
  • 40 CFR 271.21(e)

This rule or change incorporates by reference the following material:

  • Updates: 40 CFR 279.1, 07/01/2008
  • Updates: 40 CFR 264.18(a)(2), 07/01/2008
  • Updates: 40 CFR 260.10, 07/01/2008

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

There are no additional costs or savings for the state budget beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

local governments:

There are no additional costs or savings for local governments beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

small businesses:

There are no additional costs or savings for small businesses beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

There are no additional costs or savings beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

There are no additional costs or savings for affected persons beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

There are no additional costs or savings for businesses beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.

Amanda Smith, Executive Director

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:

Environmental Quality
Solid and Hazardous Waste
288 N 1460 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3231

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Susan Toronto at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6776, by FAX at 801-538-6715, or by Internet E-mail at storonto@utah.gov

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

11/02/2009

This rule may become effective on:

11/15/2009

Authorized by:

Dennis Downs, Director

RULE TEXT

R315. Environmental Quality, Solid and Hazardous Waste.

R315-1. Utah Hazardous Waste Definitions and References.

R315-1-1. Definitions.

(a) Terms used in R315-1 through R315-101 are defined in Sections 19-1-103 and 19-6-102.

(b) For R315-1 through R315-101, the terms defined in 40 CFR 260.10, 264.18(a)(2), and 279.1, [2007]2008 ed., are adopted and incorporated by reference with the following revisions:

(1) Substitute "Executive Secretary" for "Regional Administrator" or "Administrator," except in the following cases:

(i) In the actual definitions of "Administrator" and "Regional Administrator;" and

(ii) In the definitions of "hazardous waste constituent" and "industrial furnace" where "Board" shall be substituted.

(2) Insert in the definition of "existing tank system" or "existing component" the following additional phrase after "July 14, 1986," "or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315. A non-HSWA existing tank system or non-HSWA tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1."

(3) Insert in the definition of "new tank system" or "new tank component" the following additional phrase after "July 14, 1986," "or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315; except, however, for purposes of 40 CFR 265.193(g)(2) and 40 CFR 264.193(g)(2), a new tank system is one which construction commences after July 14, 1986. A non-HSWA new tank system or non-HSWA new tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1."

(c) The terms defined in 40 CFR 261.1(c), 1997 ed., are adopted and incorporated by reference.

(d) For purposes of R315-3 regarding application and permit procedures for hazardous waste facilities, the terms defined in 40 CFR 270.2, 1999 ed., are adopted and incorporated by reference with the following revisions:

(1) "Permit" means the plan approval as required by subsection 19-6-108(3)(a), or equivalent control document issued by the Executive Secretary to implement the requirements of the Utah Solid and Hazardous Waste Act;

(2) "Director" or "State Director" means "Executive Secretary;" and

(3) Replace existing definition of "corrective action management unit" with the definition as found in 40 CFR 260.10, 2000 ed.

(e) The definitions of "Polychlorinated biphenyl, PCB," and "Polychlorinated item" as found in 761.3, 40 CFR, 1990 ed., are adopted and incorporated by reference.

(f) In addition, the following terms are defined as follows:

(1) "Approved hazardous waste management facility" or "approved facility" means a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility which has received an EPA permit in accordance with federal requirements, has been approved under 19-6-108 and R315-3, or has been permitted or approved under any other EPA authorized hazardous waste state program.

(2) "Division" means the Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste.

(3) "Hazard class" means:

(i) The DOT hazard class identified in 49 CFR 172; and

(ii) If the DOT hazard class is "OTHER REGULATED MATERIAL," ORM, the EPA hazardous waste characteristic exhibited by the waste and identified in R315-2-9.

(4) "Monitoring" means all procedures used to systematically inspect and collect data on operational parameters of the facility or on the quality of the air, ground water, surface water, or soils.

(5) "POHC's" means principle organic hazardous constituents.

(6) "Permittee" means any person who has received an approval of a hazardous waste operation plan under 19-6-108 and R315-3 or a Federal RCRA permit for a treatment, storage, or disposal facility.

(7) "Precipitation run-off" means water generated from naturally occurring storm events. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste defined in R315-2-9, it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" if the water does not exhibit any of the characteristics identified in R315-2-9. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste listed in R315-2-10 or R315-2-11, then it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" when the water has been excluded under R315-2-16. Water containing any leachate does not qualify as "precipitation run-off".

(8) "Spill" means the accidental discharging, spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of hazardous wastes or materials which, when spilled, become hazardous wastes, into or on any land or water.

(9) "Waste management area" means the limit projected in the horizontal plane of the area on which waste will be placed during the active life of a regulated unit. The waste management area includes horizontal space taken up by any liner, dike, or other barrier designed to contain waste in a regulated unit. If the facility contains more than one regulated unit, the waste management area is described by an imaginary line circumscribing the several regulated units.

(g) Terms used in R315-15 are defined in sections 19-6-703 and 19-6-706(2)(b)(ii).

(h) For purposes of R315-101 regarding cleanup action and risk-based closure standards, the following terms are defined as follows:

(1) "The concentration term, C" is calculated as the 95% upper confidence limit, UCL, on the arithmetic average for normally distributed data, or as the 95% upper confidence limit on the arithmetic average for lognormally distributed data. For normally distributed data, C = Mean + t x Standard Deviation/n 1/2, where n is the number of observations, and t is Student's t distribution (at the 95% one-sided confidence level and n-1 degrees of freedom), tables of which are printed in most introductory statistics textbooks. For lognormally distributed data, C = exp (Mean of lognormal-transformed data + 0.5 x Variance of lognormal-transformed data + Standard Deviation of lognormal-transformed data x H/(n - 1) 1/2), where n is the number of observations, and H is Land's H statistic (at the 95% one-sided confidence level), tables of which are printed in advanced statistics books. For data which are not normally nor lognormally distributed, appropriate statistics, such as nonparametric confidence limits, shall be applied.

(2) "Area of contamination" means a hazardous waste management unit or an area where a release has occurred. The boundary is defined as the furthest extent where contamination from a defined source has migrated in any medium at the time the release is first identified.

(3) "Contaminate" means to render a medium polluted through the introduction of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents as identified in R315-50-10, which incorporates by reference 40 CFR 261, Appendix VIII.

(4) "Hazard index" means the sum of more than one hazard quotient for multiple substances, multiple exposure pathways, or both. The Hazard Index is calculated separately for chronic, subchronic, and shorter duration exposures.

(5) "Hazard quotient" means the ratio of a single substance exposure level over a specified time period, e.g. subchronic, to a reference dose for that substance derived from a similar exposure period.

(6) "Risk-based closure" means closure of a site where hazardous waste was managed or any medium has been contaminated by a release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents, and where hazardous waste or hazardous constituents remain at the site in any medium at concentrations determined, under this rule, to cause minimal levels of risk to human health and the environment so as to require no further action or monitoring on the part of the responsible party nor any notice of hazardous waste management on the deed to the property.

(7) "Reasonable maximum exposure (RME)" means the highest exposure that is reasonably expected to occur at a site. The goal of RME is to combine upper-bound and mid-range exposure factors so that the result represents an exposure scenario that is both protective and reasonable; not the worst possible case.

(8) "Release" means spill or discharge of hazardous waste, hazardous constituents, or material that becomes hazardous waste when released to the environment.

(9) "Responsible party" means the owner or operator of a facility, or any other person responsible for the release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents.

(10) "Site" means the area of contamination and any other area that could be impacted by the released contaminants, or could influence the migration of those contaminants, regardless of whether the site is owned by the responsible party.


KEY: hazardous waste

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [ January 15, ]2009

Notice of Continuation: August 24, 2006

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-6-105; 19-6-106



Additional Information

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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Susan Toronto at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6776, by FAX at 801-538-6715, or by Internet E-mail at storonto@utah.gov.