Utah Department of Administrative Services Division of Administrative Rules

File No. 34164

This rule was published in the November 15, 2010, issue (Vol. 2010, No. 22) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Human Services, Child and Family Services

Rule R512-500

Kinship Services. Placement and Background Screening

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Amendment)

DAR File No.: 34164
Filed: 10/20/2010 10:41:39 AM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

This rule is being changed to update citation information and make minor formatting and grammatical changes.

Summary of the rule or change:

The proposed changes to this rule update the referenced citations and make minor formatting and grammatical changes for consistency.

State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Section 62A-4a-102
  • Section 62A-4a-209
  • Section 78A-6-307.5
  • Section 62A-4a-105
  • Section 78A-6-308
  • Section 78A-6-307

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

There will be no increase in cost or savings to the state budget because these proposed changes update citation information, but do not increase workload that would require additional staff or other costs.

local governments:

There will be no increase in costs or savings to local government because it was determined that this rule does not apply to local government, but only applies to Child and Family Services.

small businesses:

There will be no increase in costs or savings to small businesses because it was determined that this rule does not apply to small businesses, but only applies to Child and Family Services.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

There will be no increase in costs or savings to persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government entities because it was determined that this rule does not apply to persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government entities, but only applies to Child and Family Services.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

There are no compliance costs for affected persons associated with implementing the changes to this rule because it only applies to Child and Family Services.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

There will be no costs or savings on businesses.

Palmer DePaulis, Executive Director

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:

Human Services
Child and Family Services
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Carol Miller at the above address, by phone at 801-557-1772, by FAX at 801-538-3993, or by Internet E-mail at carolmiller@utah.gov
  • Julene Jones at the above address, by phone at 801-538-4521, by FAX at 801-538-3942, or by Internet E-mail at jhjones@utah.gov

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

12/15/2010

This rule may become effective on:

12/22/2010

Authorized by:

Brent Platt, Director

RULE TEXT

R512. Human Services, Child and Family Services.

R512-500. Kinship Services,[.] Placement and Background Screening.

R512-500-1. Purpose and Authority.

(1) The purpose of this rule is to establish standards for kinship placement for a child who is in Child and Family Services custody, including Preliminary Placement, evaluation of kinship caregiver capacity for ongoing care, and background screening.

(2) This rule is authorized by Sections 62A-4a-102, 62A-4a-209, 78A-6-307, and 78A-6-307.5[, and the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), 25 U.S.C. Sections 1901-63].

 

R512-500-2. Definitions.

(1) "Abuse" is defined in Section 78A-6-105.

(2) "Child" is defined in Section 62A-4a-101.

(3) "Child and Family Services" means the Division of Child and Family Services, Department of Human Services.

(4) "Child and Family Team" has the same meaning as defined in Rule R512-301.

[(4)](5) "Friend" means an individual, other than a non-custodial parent or relative as defined in Section 78A-6-307, who is licensed as a foster parent and is designated for preference for care of a child by a custodial parent or guardian of the child in accordance with Section 62A-4a-209.

[(5)](6) "Kinship caregiver" means a non-custodial parent, relative, or friend, as defined in this section, who is selected for placement and care of a child in Child and Family Services custody.

[(6)](7) "Neglect" is defined in Section 78A-6-105.

[(7)](8) "Non-custodial parent" is a natural parent as defined in Section 78A-6-307 who is a biological or adoptive mother, an adoptive father, or a biological father who was married to the child's biological mother at the time the child was conceived or born, or who has had paternity established, who has not been granted legal custody of the child.

[(8)](9) "Non-relative" is defined in Section 62A-4a-209.

[(9)](10) "Preliminary Placement" means an out-of-home placement with a non-custodial parent or relative, or with a friend who is a licensed foster parent, which is referred to in statute as an emergency placement with a non-custodial parent or relative as authorized in Section 62A-4a-209 or a post-shelter hearing placement with a non-custodial parent or relative as authorized in Section 78A-6-307.5.

[(10)](11) "Relative" is defined in Section 78A-6-307 as the child's "grandparent, great-grandparent, aunt, great-aunt, uncle, great-uncle, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepparent, first cousin, stepsibling, or sibling of the child." For a[n] [Indian]Native American child, relative also includes "extended family members" as defined by the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA ), 25 USC 1903[U.S.C. Section 1901-63], which is "by the law or custom of the [Indian]Native American child's tribe or, in the absence of such law or custom, shall be a person who has reached the age of eighteen and who is the [Indian]Native American child's grandparent, aunt, or uncle, brother or sister, brother-in-law or sister-in-law, niece or nephew, first or second cousin, or stepparent."

[(11)](12) "[s]Severe type of child abuse or neglect" is defined in Section 62A-4a-1002.

[(12)](13) "[s]Substantiated" is defined in Section 62A-4a-101.

[(13)](14) "[ss]Supported" is defined in Section 62A-4a-101.

 

R512-500-3. Philosophy.

(1) All children need permanency through enduring relationships that provide stability, familiarity, and support for the culture of the child; support the child's sense of self based on existing attachments; provide for the child's safety and physical care; and connect the child to their past, present, and future through continuing family relationships. First priority is to maintain a child safely at home. However, if a child cannot safely remain at home, kinship care has the potential for providing these elements of permanency by virtue of the kin's knowledge of and relationship to the family and child.

(2) All kinship work is done in the context of a Child and Family Team. Kinship care includes elements of child protection, in-home services, family preservation, and [foster]out-of-home care. When a child cannot safely remain home, kinship care is preferable to other out-of-home placements if the kinship caregiver can keep the child safe and appropriately meet the child's needs.

(3) The caregiver's willingness and ability to care for and keep the child safe are fundamental. The kinship caregiver must have or acquire knowledge of the child, be able to meet the child's needs, support reunification efforts, and be able to provide the child access to parents, siblings, and other family members through visits or caring for the child and siblings as a group.

(4) Ongoing assessment of the child's safety, permanence, and well-being is important to the stability and value of kinship care. Ongoing assessment of safety is based on the components of safety decision-making, which include threats of harm, vulnerabilities of the child, and protective capacities of the kinship caregiver and their support system.

(5) Providing for kinship care in the Child and Family Services spectrum of services requires active efforts to identify and locate kin families with whom children may form or continue relationships at home or in temporary or permanent placements. Support to kinship caregivers is essential to the success of the child's placement with the family and to the family's ability to respond to the needs of the child. As members of the Child and Family Team, kinship caregivers will seek support from other family members and from informal and formal supports to provide for the child.

 

R512-500-4. Preferences for Placement.

(1) The following order of preference applies to placement of a child in the custody of Child and Family Services, and is subject to the child's best interest:

(a) A non-custodial parent of the child in accordance with Section 78A-6-307;

(b) A relative of the child;

(c) A friend designated by the custodial parent or guardian of the child, if the friend is a licensed foster parent; and

(d) A former [foster]out-of-home care placement, shelter facility, or other [foster]out-of-home care placement designated by Child and Family Services.

(2) Preferential consideration given to kinship caregivers in [Subs]Section 78A-6-307[(18)] expires 120 days from the date of the shelter hearing. Prospective kinship caregivers may be considered for placement after the 120 days has lapsed, if it is in the best interest of the child.

(3) A kinship caregiver who meets the definition of friend must be licensed as an out-of-home care provider in order for a child in the custody of Child and Family Services to be placed with them.

 

R512-500-5. Preliminary Placement.

(1) The requirements specified in Section 62A-4a-209 must be met for Preliminary Placement of a child with a kinship caregiver.

(2) A decision to make a Preliminary Placement of a child with a kinship caregiver will include background screening, assessment of the kinship caregiver's willingness and ability to care for a child and to keep the child safe, a limited home inspection, and background screening.

(3) A kinship caregiver must meet the background check requirements specified in R512-500-7[(1)].

(4) Assessment of safety will be based on safety decision-making principles, which include:

(a) Potential threats of harm;

(b) Vulnerabilities of the child; and

(c) Protective capacities of the potential kinship caregiver and their support system.

(5) The limited home inspection specified in Section 62A-4a-209 is required for a non-custodial parent or relative. The limited home inspection is conducted in the home of the prospective kinship caregiver to determine if there are apparent safety risks in the home that present a potential threat of harm to the child. The limited home inspection determines if the following are met:

(a) The home is free from observable health and fire hazards.

(b) There are adequate sleeping arrangements to meet the specific needs of each child.

(c) Any firearms, ammunition, hazardous chemicals, and/or medications are secured and not accessible to children.

(6) References may be contacted to obtain input regarding placing the child with the potential kinship caregiver or information about other available relatives or friends who may care for the child.

 

R512-500-6. Evaluation of Capacity for Ongoing Care of a Child.

(1) The Child and Family Team will determine the most appropriate caregiver to meet the ongoing and permanency needs of the child.

(a) Since the Preliminary Placement is made in an emergency situation they may or may not be the most appropriate caregiver to meet the ongoing and permanency needs of the child.

(b) The ongoing caregiver may be the kinship caregiver who is the Preliminary Placement or may be a different prospective caregiver.

[(1)](2) Child and Family Services will evaluate with the [family]prospective caregiver their capacity for ongoing care of the child as well as permanency if reunification efforts are not successful. The components of the evaluation process include:

[(a) Results of the background screening specified in R512-500-7(2).

(b)](a) The child-specific home study, including:

(i) Results of the background screening specified in R512-500-7;

(ii) Obtaining positive written references from three different people known to the kinship caregiver expressing the referent's opinion about the family's ability to care for the child;

[(i)](iii) Physical and emotional ability of the kinship caregiver to provide adequate care for the child;

[(ii)](iv) Understanding of family dynamics and how placement will impact relationships within the family;

[(iii)](v) Ability to provide for the child's safety and well-being needs and to support a plan for permanency;

[(iv)](vi) Analysis of the type of resources and support needed by the kinship caregiver to care for the child.

[(v)](vii) Ability of the home to meet required safety standards of the Office of Licensing.

[(c)](b) Providing information to the kinship caregiver to assist with considering options for ongoing care of the child, including:

(i) Educating the kinship caregiver of the expectations of caring for a child who is under the jurisdiction of the court.

(ii) Assessing the resources that may be available to assist the kinship caregiver in providing a stable placement for the child.

(iii) Becoming a licensed [foster]out-of-home care placement for the child.

(iv) Requesting temporary custody and guardianship from the court.[

(2) A kinship caregiver who meets the definition of friend must be licensed as a foster parent in order for a child in the custody of Child and Family Services to be placed with them.

(3) Obtain positive written references from two different people known to the kinship caregiver expressing the referent's opinion about the family's ability to care for the child.]

 

R512-500-7. Background Screening.

(1) Background Screening Procedure for Preliminary Placements.

(a) In order for a non-custodial parent or relative to be considered for Preliminary Placement of a child, background screening must be completed that meets the requirements of Sections 62A-4a-209, 78A-6-307, and 78A-6-308. If any non-relative adults live in the household, applicable background screening requirements in Sections 62A-4a-209, 78A-6-307, and 78A-6-308 must be met.

(b) A non-custodial parent or relative and all persons 18 years of age and older living in the household must provide the following information in order for background screening to be conducted:

(i) Full first, middle, last, maiden, alias, and all previous married names.

(ii) Social Security number, if a number has been issued.

(iii) Proof of identity verified by a government-issued photo identification.

(iv) Date of birth.

(2) Background Screening Procedure for Ongoing Care of a Child.

(a) As part of the evaluation of capacity for ongoing care of a child, in addition to background screening required for Preliminary Placement, a relative and spouse or partner must complete an FBI national criminal history records check as prospective [foster]out-of-home care or adoptive parents. A non-custodial parent will complete an FBI national criminal history check if Utah criminal history or SAFE child abuse checks result in concerns about potential threats of harm to the child or if ordered by the court.

(b) If a non-relative 18 years of age or older is residing in the home and has lived outside of the state of Utah in the five years immediately preceding the date of the application, the individual must complete an FBI national criminal history records check.

(c) If any person 18 years of age or older residing in the home has lived out of the state of Utah in the five years immediately preceding the date of the application, a child abuse and neglect registry check must be completed for any state in which the individual resided.

(d) A non-custodial parent or relative and all persons 18 years of age and older living in the household must provide the following information on a form provided by Child and Family Services in order for background screening to be conducted:

(i) Full first, middle, last, maiden, alias, and all previous married names.

(ii) Social Security number, if a number has been issued.

(iii) Proof of identity verified by a government-issued photo identification.

(iv) Date of birth.

(v) The potential kinship caregiver and applicable adults living in the household shall provide fingerprints from an authorized law enforcement agency or designated electronic scanning site.

(vi) The child abuse registry for each state in which a potential kinship caregiver or other adult in the household has lived will be checked.

 

KEY: child welfare, kinship

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [ August 21, 2008 ] 2010

Notice of Continuation: August 20, 2008

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 62A-4a-102; 62A-4a-105; 62A-4a-209; 78A-6-307; 78A-6-307.5 ; 78A-6-308

 


Additional Information

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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Carol Miller at the above address, by phone at 801-557-1772, by FAX at 801-538-3993, or by Internet E-mail at carolmiller@utah.gov; Julene Jones at the above address, by phone at 801-538-4521, by FAX at 801-538-3942, or by Internet E-mail at jhjones@utah.gov.