Utah Department of Administrative Services Division of Administrative Rules

File No. 35090

This rule was published in the August 15, 2011, issue (Vol. 2011, No. 16) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Commerce, Real Estate

Section R162-2g-304d

Experience Hours

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Amendment)

DAR File No.: 35090
Filed: 07/21/2011 07:38:50 AM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

The purpose of this amendment is to specify a requirement applicable to a mass appraiser applying for certification as a residential appraiser.

Summary of the rule or change:

In submitting sample appraisals for review, a mass appraiser who applies for certification as a residential appraiser must include at least one appraisal of each of the following residential property types: vacant property, a two- to four-unit dwelling, a non-complex single-family unit, and a complex single-family unit.

State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Subsection 61-2g-201(2)(h)

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

The Division already has in place the budget necessary to review appraisals that are submitted by mass appraisers seeking certification. No additional administrative burden is created by requiring those applicants to submit appraisals that represent a variety of property types. Therefore, no impact to the state budget is anticipated.

local governments:

Local government is not required to comply with or enforce the appraisal rules. Therefore, no fiscal impact to local government is anticipated from this rule filing.

small businesses:

Small businesses do not apply for appraiser licensure or certification. Therefore, this rule filing is inapplicable to small businesses, and no fiscal impact to small businesses is anticipated.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

An affected person must perform appraisals of several different property types. Doing so does not require the person to do anything with which a cost is associated--for example, taking specialized education or paying fees. Therefore, no cost to affected persons is anticipated.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

To comply, an affected person must perform appraisals of several different property types. There are no associated compliance costs.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

This rule filing clarifies the types of appraisals a mass appraiser applicant for certification as a residential appraiser must submit along with the application. No fiscal impact to businesses is anticipated from this clarification.

Francine A. Giani, Executive Director

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:

Commerce
Real Estate
160 E 300 S
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84111-2316

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Jennie Jonsson at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6706, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at jjonsson@utah.gov

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

09/14/2011

This rule may become effective on:

09/21/2011

Authorized by:

Deanna Sabey, Director

RULE TEXT

R162. Commerce, Real Estate.

R162-2g. Real Estate Appraiser Licensing and Certification Administrative Rules.

R162-2g-304d. Experience Hours.

(1)(a) Except as provided in this Subsection (1)(b), appraisal experience shall be measured in hours according to the appraisal experience hours schedules found in Appendices 1 through 3.

(b)(i) An applicant who has experience in categories other than those shown on the appraisal experience hours schedules, or who believes the schedules do not adequately reflect the applicant's experience or the complexity or time spent on an appraisal, may petition the board on an individual basis for evaluation and approval of the experience as being substantially equivalent to that required for licensure or certification.

(ii) Upon a finding that an applicant's experience is substantially equivalent to that required for licensure or certification, the board may award the applicant an appropriate number of hours for the alternate experience.

(2) General restrictions.

(a) An applicant may not accrue more than 2,000 experience hours in any 12-month period.

(b) The board may not award credit:

(i) for appraisal experience earned more than five years prior to the date of application;

(ii) for appraisals that were performed in violation of:

(A) Utah law;

(B) the law of another jurisdiction; or

(C) the administrative rules adopted by the division and the board;

(iii) for appraisals that fail to comply with USPAP;

(iv) for appraisals of the value of a business as distinguished from the appraisal of commercial real estate; or

(v) for personal property appraisals.

(c) At least 50% of the appraisals submitted for experience credit shall be appraisals of properties located in Utah.

(d) With regard to experience hours claimed from the schedules found in Appendices 1 and 2:

(i) appraisals where only an exterior inspection of the subject property is performed shall be granted 25% of the credit awarded an appraisal that includes an interior inspection of the subject property; and

(ii) no more than 25% of the total experience required for licensure or certification may be earned from appraisals where the interior of the subject property is not inspected.

(e) A maximum of 250 experience hours may be earned from appraisal of vacant land.

(f) Appraisals on commercial or multi-unit form reports shall be awarded 75% of the credit normally awarded for the appraisal.

(g)(i) If an applicant's education was approved prior to January 1, 2008 and his or her experience was approved prior to January 1, 2011 (under a system referred to by the division and industry as a segmented application), but the applicant did not pass the applicable examination required for licensure or certification by December 31, 2010, the applicant shall, by December 31, 2011:

(A) complete all additional education, as required under the AQB standards;

(B) pass the required examination applicable to the license or certification being sought by the individual; and

(C) submit a complete application to the division.

(ii) An applicant who fails to comply with the December 31, 2011 deadline established in this Subsection (2)(g)(i) shall:

(A) complete all additional education as required under the AQB standards;

(B) pass the required examination applicable to the license or certification sought by the individual;

(C) submit recent appraisals that meet the requirements of all applicable statutes and rules for review by the experience review committee; and

(D) submit a complete application to the division according to deadlines established in Subsection R162-2g-304f(1).

(3) Specific restrictions applicable to trainees applying for licensure.

(a) A trainee and the trainee's supervisor who signs the experience log shall document on the log the specific duties that the trainee performs for each appraisal.

(b) For each duty performed, the trainee shall be awarded a percentage of the total experience hours that may be awarded for the property type being appraised:

(i) pursuant to the appraisal experience hour schedules found in Appendices 1 through 3; and

(ii) with the following limitations:

(A) participation in highest and best use analysis: 10% of total hours;

(B) participation in neighborhood description and analysis: 10% of total hours;

(C) property inspection: 20% of total hours, pursuant to this Subsection (3)(c);

(D) participation in land value estimate: 20% of total hours;

(E) participation in sales comparison property selection and analysis: 30% of total hours;

(F) participation in cost analysis: 20% of total hours;

(G) participation in income analysis: 30% of total hours;

(H) participation in the final reconciliation of value: 10% of total hours; and

(I) participation in report preparation: 20% of total hours.

(c) In order for a trainee to claim credit for an inspection pursuant to this Subsection (3)(b)(ii)(C):

(i) as to the first 100 residential appraisals or first 20 non-residential appraisals completed, as applicable to the license or certification being sought, the inspection must include:

(A) measurement of the exterior of a property that is the subject of an appraisal; and

(B) inspection of the exterior of a property that is used as a comparable in an appraisal; and

(ii) as to appraisals after the first 100 residential appraisals or first 20 non-residential appraisals completed, as applicable to the license or certification being sought, the inspection must satisfy all scope of work requirements.

(d) No more than one-third of the experience hours submitted toward licensure may come from any one of the categories identified in this Subsection (3)(b)(ii).

(4) Specific restrictions applicable to applicants for certification.

(a) An individual who obtained a license from the division through reciprocity shall provide to the division all records necessary for the division to verify that the individual satisfies the experience requirements outlined in these rules.

(b) The board may not award credit:

(i) for any appraisal where the applicant cannot prove more than 50% participation in the:

(A) data collection;

(B) verification of data;

(C) reconciliation;

(D) analysis;

(E) identification of property and property interests;

(F) compliance with USPAP standards; and

(G) preparation and development of the appraisal report; or

(ii) to more than one licensed appraiser per completed appraisal, except as provided in this Subsection (5).

(c)(i) An individual applying for certification as a state-certified residential appraiser shall document at least 75% of the hours submitted from:

(A) the residential experience hours schedule found in Appendix 1; or

(B) the residential portion of the mass appraisal hours schedule found in Appendix 3.

(ii) No more than 25% of the total hours submitted may be from:

(A) the general experience hours schedule found in Appendix 2; or

(B) properties other than 1- to 4-unit residential properties identified in the mass appraisal hours schedule found in Appendix 3.

(d) An individual applying for certification as a state-certified general appraiser shall document at least 1,500 experience hours as having been earned from:

(i) the general experience hours schedule found in Appendix 2; or

(ii) properties other than 1- to 4-unit residential properties identified in the mass appraisal hours schedule found in Appendix 3.

(5) Specific restrictions applicable to mass appraisers.

(a) Single-property appraisals performed under USPAP Standards 1 and 2 by mass appraisers shall be awarded full credit pursuant to Appendices 1 and 2.

(b) Review and supervision of appraisals by mass appraisers shall be awarded credit pursuant to this Subsection (6)(b)-(c).

(c)(i) Mass appraisers and mass appraiser trainees who perform 60% or more of the appraisal work shall be awarded full credit pursuant to Appendix 3.

(ii) Mass appraisers and mass appraiser trainees who perform between 25% and 59% of the appraisal work shall be awarded 50% credit pursuant to Appendix 3.

(iii) Mass appraisers and mass appraisal trainees who perform less than 25% of the appraisal work shall be awarded no credit for the appraisal assignment.

(d) In addition to submitting proof of required experience and samples, randomly selected from the experience log, of work conforming to USPAP Standard 6:

(i) a state-licensed appraiser applicant whose experience is earned primarily through mass appraisal shall submit proof of having performed at least five appraisals conforming to USPAP Standards 1 and 2;

(ii) a state-certified residential appraiser applicant whose experience is earned primarily through mass appraisal shall submit proof of having performed at least eight [one-unit] residential appraisals:

(A) conforming to USPAP Standards 1 and 2; and

(B) including the following property types:

(I) vacant property;

(II) two- to four-unit dwelling;

(III) non-complex single-family unit; and

(IV) complex single-family unit; and

(iii) a state-certified general appraiser applicant whose experience is earned primarily through mass appraisal shall submit proof of having performed at least eight appraisals from Appendix 2 conforming to USPAP Standards 1 and 2.

(e) No more than 60% of the total hours submitted for licensure or certification may be earned from any combination of appraisals of:

(i) property types identified in Appendix 3(a)(i) and (ii);

(ii) property types identified in Appendix 3 (b)(i) and (ii);

(iii) property types identified in Appendix 3 (c)(i) and (ii);

(iv) property types identified in Appendix 3 (d)(i) and (ii);

(v) property types identified in Appendix 3 (e)(i) and (ii), and

(vi) property types identified in Appendix 3 (f)(i).

(f) No more than 25% of the total hours submitted for licensure or certification may be earned from appraisals of property types identified in Appendix 3(f)(iii) and (iv) combined.

(g) No more than 20% of the total hours submitted for licensure or certification may have been earned from appraisals of property types identified in Appendix 3(g).

(h)(i) Mass appraisal of property with a personal property component of less than 50% of value shall be awarded full credit pursuant to Appendix 3 for the type of property appraised.

(ii) Mass appraisal of property with a personal property component of 50% to 85% of value shall be awarded 50% credit pursuant to Appendix 3 for the type of property appraised.

(iii) Mass appraisal of property with a personal property component greater than 85% shall be awarded no credit.

(i) The appraisals submitted for review pursuant to this Subsection (5) shall be selected from the applicant's most recent work.

(6) Special circumstances - condemnation appraisals, review appraisals, supervision of appraisers, other real estate experience, and government agency experience.

(a) Condemnation appraisals. A condemnation appraisal shall be awarded an additional 50% of the hours normally awarded for the appraisal if the condemnation appraisal includes a before-and-after appraisal because of a partial taking of the property.

(b) Review appraisals.

(i) Review appraisals shall be awarded experience credit when the appraiser performs technical reviews of appraisals prepared by employees, associates, or others, provided the appraiser complies with USPAP Standards Rule 3 when the appraiser is required to comply with the rule.

(ii) Except as provided in this Subsection (6)(e)(i), the following credit shall be awarded for review of appraisals:

(A) desk review: 30% of the hours that would be awarded if a separate written review appraisal report were prepared, up to a maximum of 500 hours; and

(B) field review: 50% of the hours that would be awarded if a separate written review appraisal report were prepared, up to a maximum of 500 hours.

(c) Supervision of appraisers. Except as provided in this Subsection (6)(e)(i), supervision of appraisers shall be awarded 20% of the hours that would be awarded to the appraisal, up to a maximum of 500 hours.

(d) Other real estate experience acceptable for certification.

(i) Provided that an applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the board that the applicant has the ability to arrive at a fair market value of property and to properly document value conclusions, the following activities may be used to satisfy up to 50% of the experience required for certification:

(A) preliminary valuation estimates;

(B) range of value estimates or similar studies;

(C) other real estate-related experience gained by:

(I) bankers;

(II) builders;

(III) city planners and managers; or

(IV) other individuals.

(ii) A comparative market analysis by an individual licensed under Section 61-2f et seq. may be granted up to 100% experience credit toward certification if:

(A) the analysis conforms with USPAP Standards Rules 1 and 2; and

(B) the individual demonstrates to the board that the individual uses similar techniques as appraisers to value properties and effectively utilize the appraisal process.

(iii) The following activities, if performed in accordance with USPAP Standards Rules 4 and 5, may be used to satisfy up to 50% of the experience required for certification:

(A) appraisal analysis;

(B) real estate counseling or consulting services; and

(C) feasibility analysis/study.

(iv) Except as provided in this Subsection (6)(e)(i), no more than 50% of the total experience required for certification may be earned through any combination of experience described in this Subsection (6)(b)-(d).

(e) Government agency experience.

(i) An individual who obtains experience hours in conjunction with investigation by a government agency is not subject to the hour limitations of this Subsection (6).

(ii) In addition to submitting proof of required experience, an applicant whose experience is earned primarily in conjunction with investigations by government agencies and through review of appraisals, with no opinion of value developed, shall submit proof of having complied with USPAP Standards 1 and 2 in performing appraisals as follows:

(A) if applying for state-licensed appraiser with experience reviewing residential appraisals, five appraisals of one-unit dwellings;

(B) if applying for state-certified residential appraiser with experience reviewing residential appraisals, eight appraisals of one-unit dwellings; and

(C) if applying for state-certified general appraiser with experience reviewing appraisals of property types listed in Appendix 2, at least eight appraisals of property types identified in Appendix 2.

(7) The board, at its discretion, may request the division to verify the claimed experience by any of the following methods:

(a) verification with the clients;

(b) submission of selected reports to the board; and

(c) field inspection of reports identified by the applicant at the applicant's office during normal business hours.

 

KEY: real estate appraisals, trainee registration, licensing and certification, enforcement

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: 2011

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 61-2g-201(2)(h); 61-2g-202(1); 61-2g-205(5)(c)

 


Additional Information

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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Jennie Jonsson at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6706, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at jjonsson@utah.gov.