Utah Department of Administrative Services Office of Administrative Rules

Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2017, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.

R277. Education, Administration.

Rule R277-469. Instructional Materials Commission Operating Procedures.

As in effect on January 1, 2017

Table of Contents

R277-469-1. Definitions.

A. "Advanced placement materials" means materials used for the College Board Advanced Placement Program and classes. The program policies are determined by representatives of member institutions. Operational services are provided by the Educational Testing Service. The program provides practical descriptions of college-level courses to interested schools and student test results based on these courses to colleges of the student's choice. Participating colleges grant credit or appropriate placement, or both, to students whose test results meet standards prescribed by the college.

B. "Basic skills course" means a subject which requires mastery of specific functions to include reading, language arts, mathematics through geometry, science, in grades 4 through 12, and effectiveness of written expression.

C. "Board" means the Utah State Board of Education.

D. "Commission" means the Instructional Materials Commission.

E. "Curriculum alignment" means the assurance that the material taught in a course or grade level matches the standards, objectives and assessments set by the state or school district for specific courses or grade levels.

F. "Curriculum map" means a visual representation listing topics in the instructional materials that are correlated to the standards, objectives and indicators of the Utah Core.

G. "Instructional materials" means systematically arranged content in text, digital, Braille and large print, and audio format which may be used within the state curriculum framework for courses of study by students in public schools, including textbooks, workbooks, computer software, online or internet courses, CDs or DVDs, and multiple forms of communication media. Such materials may be used by students or teachers or both as principal sources of study to cover any portion of the course. These materials:

(1) shall be designed for student use; and

(2) may be accompanied by or contain teaching guides and study helps;

(3) shall include all textbooks, workbooks and student materials and supplements necessary for a student to fully participate in coursework; and

(4) shall be high quality, research-based and proven to be effective in supporting student learning.

H. "Independent party" means an entity that is not the Board, not the superintendent of public instruction or USOE staff, or an employee or board member of a school district, or the instructional materials creator or publisher, or anyone with a financial interest in the instructional materials, however minimal.

I. "Integrated instructional program" means any combination of textbooks, workbooks, software, videos, transparencies, electronic devices, or similar resources used for classroom instruction of students.

J. "Instructional materials provider" means a publisher or author and self-publisher who sells or provides instructional materials for use in Utah public schools.

K. "International Baccalaureate" means college level work, limited in subject areas, which balances humanities and sciences in an interdisciplinary, global academic program that is both philosophical and practical. This multi-cultural experience emphasizes analytical and conceptual skills and aesthetic understanding for advanced students.

L. "National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC)" is a central national repository established at the American Printing House for the Blind (APH) to store and to maintain NIMAS file sets. It features an automated system for allowing publishers to deposit NIMAS-conformant files within the repository. Files are checked at the Utah State Instructional Materials Access Center (USIMAC), as defined in R277-469-1S, to confirm that they are valid NIMAS-conformant files and then cataloged in a web-based database. Those who have been authorized for access have user identifications and passwords. These authorized users may search the NIMAC database and directly download the file(s) they need to convert into accessible instructional materials for those students who are in elementary and secondary schools and have qualifying disabilities.

M. "National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)" is a technical standard used by publishers to produce consistent and valid XML-based source files that may be used to develop multiple specialized formats, such as Braille, large print, digital, or audio books, for students with print disabilities.

N. "Not recommended materials" means instructional materials which have been reviewed by the Commission but not recommended.

O. "Primary instructional material" means a comprehensive basal or Core textbook or integrated instructional program for which a publisher seeks a recommendation for Core subjects designated in R277-700-4, 5, and 6.

P. "Public website" means a website designated by the USOE provided by the publisher of instructional materials, free-of-charge, to teachers and the general public, to exhibit alignment and mapping to the Core for Utah primary instructional materials.

Q. "Recommended instructional materials (RIMs)" means the recommended instructional materials searchable database provided as a free service by the USOE for the posting of evaluations and alignments to the Core of instructional materials submitted by publishers and on the public website of the publisher, if applicable, for review by the Commission and approval of the Board.

R. "State Core Curriculum (Core)" means minimum academic standards provided through courses as established by the Board which shall be completed by all students K-12 as a requisite for graduation from Utah's secondary schools. The Core is provided in R277-700.

S. "Utah State Instructional Materials Access Center (USIMAC)" is a center that receives NIMAS electronic file sets and produces them in the accessible alternate format required by students with print disabilities.

T. "USOE" means the Utah State Office of Education.

R277-469-2. Authority and Purpose.

A. This rule is authorized under Utah Constitutional Article X, Section 3 which vests general control and supervision over public education in the Board, by Section 53A-14-101 which directs the Board to appoint an Instructional Materials Commission and directs the Commission to evaluate instructional materials for recommendation by the Board, by Section 53A-14-107 which directs the Board to make rules that establish the qualifications of the independent parties who may evaluate and map the alignment of the primary instructional materials and requirements for the detailed summary of the evaluation and its placement on a public website, and by Section 53A-1-401(3) which allows the Board to make rules in accordance with its responsibilities.

B. The purpose of this rule is to provide definitions, operating procedures and criteria for recommending instructional materials for use in Utah public schools. The rule also provides for mapping and alignment of primary instructional materials to the Core consistent with Utah law.

R277-469-3. Use of State Funds for Instructional Materials.

A. School districts may use funds:

(1) for any primary supplemental or supportive instructional materials that support Core requirements.

(2) for instructional materials selected and approved by a school or school district consistent with the standards of this rule and:

(a) consistent with established local board procedures and timelines; and

(b) consistent with Section 53A-13-101(1)(c)(iii); or

(c) consistent with Section 53A-14-102(4).

B. Schools or school districts that use any funding source to purchase materials that have not been recommended or selected consistent with law, may have funds withheld to the extent of the actual costs of those materials pursuant to Section 53A-1-401(3).

C. Free instructional materials:

(1) that are used as primary instructional materials or that are part of primary integrated instructional programs shall be subject to the same independent party evaluation and Core mapping as basal or Core material; or

(2) if free materials are provided as part of a supplemental program, they may be used as student instructional materials only consistent with the law and this rule; and

(3) shall be reviewed and recommended by the Commission or by a school in a public meeting consistent with Section 53A-14-102(4), prior to their use.

D. Charter schools are exempt from Section 53A-14-107. Despite this exemption and consistent 34 CFR 300.172(c) (2007 edition), hereby incorporated by reference, all public schools subject to a state education agency that contracts with NIMAC require publishers with whom the public schools under the control of the state education agency contract to prepare and, on or before delivery of the print instructional materials, provide to NIMAC electronic files containing the contents of the print instruction materials using the NIMAS or purchase instructional materials from the publisher that are produced in, or may be rendered in, specialized formats.

E. Notice to publishers

(1) All traditional and charter public schools shall be responsible for notifying all publishers with whom they contract for instructional materials beginning October 1, 2008 that all materials shall be provided consistent with R277-469-3D.

(2) Traditional and charter schools shall include a copy of R277-469, drawing publishers' attention to this provision of the rule, with the notice to publishers from whom the schools purchase materials.

(3) Schools shall provide publishers with timely notice of this requirement.

R277-469-4. Instructional Materials Commission Members Terms of Service.

A. Members shall be appointed from categories designated in Section 53A-14-101.

B. Members of the Commission shall serve four year terms, staggered to ensure continuity in the efficient operation of the Commission. Members may apply for reappointment for one additional term.

C. The Commission may establish subcommittees as needed.

R277-469-5. Commission Review of Materials.

A. The primary focus of instructional materials review shall be materials used in subjects aligned with Core requirements to include reading, language arts, mathematics through geometry, science, in grades 4 through 12, and effectiveness of written expression, and other Core subject areas as assigned by the Board.

B. Subject areas and timelines for review shall be determined by the Commission based on school district needs and requests, and using forms and procedures provided by the USOE.

C. Commission review of material takes place at least annually.

R277-469-6. Review and Adoption Categories.

Materials may be considered for review by the Commission and designated under the following categories. They may be purchased with state funds and used consistent with this rule:

A. Recommended Primary: Instructional materials that:

(1) are in alignment with content, philosophy and instructional strategies of the Core;

(2) have been mapped and aligned to the Core, consistent with Section 53A-14-107 after the 2012-2013 school year;

(2) are appropriate for use by students as principal sources of study;

(3) provide comprehensive coverage of course content; and

(4) support Core requirements.

B. Recommended Limited: Instructional materials that are in limited alignment with the Core requirements or are narrow or restricted in their scope and sequence. If school districts or schools select and purchase materials designated under this category, it is recommended that they have a plan for using appropriate supplementary materials assuring coverage of Core requirements.

C. Recommended Teacher Resource: Instructional materials that are appropriate as resource materials for use by teachers.

D. Recommended Student Resource: Instructional materials aligned to the Core that are developmentally appropriate, but not intended to be the primary instructional resource. These materials may provide valuable content information for students.

E. Reviewed, but not Recommended: Instructional materials that may not be aligned with the Core, may be inaccurate in content, include misleading connotations, contain undesirable presentation, or are in conflict with existing law and rules. School districts are strongly cautioned against using these materials.

F. Not Sampled: Instructional materials that were included in the publisher bid but were not sampled to the USOE or the Commission.

R277-469-7. Criteria for Recommendation of Instructional Materials Following Mid-Party Evaluation of Core Curriculum.

A. Instructional materials shall:

(1) be consistent with Core requirements or both;

(2) if used as primary materials, be mapped and aligned to the Core consistent with Section 53A-14-107 and state adopted assessments as applicable for the 2012-2013 school year;

(3) be high quality, research-based and proven to be effective in supporting student learning;

(4) provide an objective and balanced viewpoint on issues;

(5) include enrichment and extension possibilities;

(6) be appropriate to varying levels of learning;

(7) be accurate and factual;

(8) be arranged chronologically or systematically, or both;

(9) reflect the pluralistic character and culture of the American people and provide accurate representation of diverse ethnic groups;

(10) be free from sexual, ethnic, age, gender or disability bias and stereotyping; and

(11) be of acceptable technical quality.

B. Publishers, when submitting new primary material to be evaluated by the USOE, shall submit an electronic version in NIMAS file format of that material to the National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) for use in conversion into Braille, large print, and other formats for students with print disabilities.

C. USOE review:

(1) The USOE may require a school district to provide a report of instructional materials purchased by the school district or a school in the previous five years.

(2) The USOE may initiate a formal or informal audit of instructional materials purchased to determine purchase or use of instructional materials consistent with the law or this rule.

R277-469-8. Agreements and Procedures for School Districts.

A. A local board shall establish a policy for school district and school selection and purchase of instructional materials.

B. As part of any materials adoption process or procurement contract for the purpose of purchasing instructional materials, an LEA shall provide instructional materials to all students, including blind students and other students with disabilities, in a timely manner.

(1) A publisher may provide materials in electronic files to NIMAC to make materials available to eligible students.

(2) LEAs shall include NIMAS contract language in all contracts with publishers for Core materials.

(3) LEAs may purchase instructional materials from the publisher that are produced in, or may be rendered in, specialized formats for eligible students.

C. The detailed Core curriculum alignment shall be required prior to the purchase of primary instructional materials by public schools and school districts purchased for the 2012-2013 school year.

R277-469-9. Qualifications for Core Curriculum Alignment Independent Parties.

Independent parties required to meet mapping and alignment requirements for the 2012-2013 school year shall use reviewer(s)/employee(s) who meet the following minimum requirements:

(1) have a degree or an endorsement specific to the subject area of the primary instructional materials. For example, a reviewer who is aligning an American literature text shall have an English endorsement or degree; a reviewer who is mapping a calculus text shall have a mathematics endorsement or a related mathematics degree. The USOE shall make available to independent parties a list of acceptable endorsements or degrees that shall be current and valid for appropriate review of materials; and

(2) shall post documentation of credentials and endorsements on a public website designated by the USOE as required under Section 53A-14-107(3)(b).

R277-469-10. Detailed Summary Requirements.

Independent parties required to meet mapping and alignment requirements for the 2012-2013 school year shall provide to the publisher a detailed summary of the evaluation. The summary shall:

A. be provided on a public website required under Section 53A-14-107(3)(b) designated by the USOE;

B. submit the summary in the alignment template provided by the USOE;

C. submit the summary in a searchable, software database format designated by the USOE;

D. include detailed alignment information that includes at a minimum:

(1) the title of the material;

(2) the ISBN number;

(3) the publisher's name;

(4) the name/grade of the Core document used to align the material;

(5) the overall percentage of coverage of the Core;

(6) the overall percentage of coverage in ancillary resources of the material to the Core;

(7) the percentage of coverage of the Core in the material for each standard, objective and indicator in the Core with corresponding page numbers;

(8) percentage of coverage of the Core not covered in the material but covered in the ancillary resources for each standard;

(9) objective and indicator in the Core with corresponding page numbers; and

E. provide the detailed alignment information listed in R277-469-10D(4) for the student text for all editions of the text that are used in Utah public schools;

F. provide the detailed alignment information listed in R277-464-10D(4) for a teacher edition of text, if a teacher edition is used in Utah public schools;

G. designate at the conclusion of the alignment document, the reviewer's evaluation of the material's alignment to the Core curriculum on a scale of 1-10, with 10 indicating the closest alignment to the Utah Core curriculum; and

H. provide an assurance, including a personal (electronic is adequate) signature that the work was completed personally and as required by the licensed and endorsed reviewer.

R277-469-11. Agreements and Procedures for Publishing Companies.

A. Beginning with the 2012-2013 school year, publishing companies desiring to sell primary instructional materials to Utah school districts and schools shall:

(1) contract with an independent party who meets the requirements in R277-469-9 to align and map the primary instructional material and related ancillary materials to the appropriate Utah Core with the following provisions:

(a) the publisher provides a detailed summary of the Core alignment and mapping as described in R277-469-10 at no charge; and

(b) the publisher pays the costs associated with the requirements of Section 53A-14-107.

(2) The requirements under R277-469-9-A(1) shall only be performed by entities consistent with Section 53A-14-107(2).

B. Publishers seeking to sell recommended materials to Utah schools or school districts shall have all books and tangible adopted materials on deposit at an instructional materials depository in the business of selling instructional materials to schools or school districts in Utah.

C. Depository agreements may be made between publishers of materials and one or more depository.

D. The provisions of R277-469-11 shall not preclude publishers from selling instructional materials to schools or school districts in Utah directly or through means other than the designated depository. Digital and online resources do not require storage in a depository within the state, but shall guarantee timely resource availability of a placed order and shall be provided without shipping charges.

E. Comparable materials shall be prepared for students with disabilities in a timely manner.

F. Recommended materials with revisions:

(1) If a revised edition of recommended materials retains the original title and authorship, the publisher may request its substitution for the edition currently recommended providing that:

(a) the original contract price and contract date do not change and the original contract price applies for the substituted materials;

(b) the revised edition is compatible with the earlier edition, permitting use of either or both in the same classroom;

(c) a sample copy of the revised edition is provided to the USOE Instructional Materials Specialist for examination purposes;

(d) the publisher submits a revised electronic edition in NIMAS file format to the National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) if the USOE approves the substitution request; and

(2) The Commission shall make the final determination about the substitution of a new edition for a previously recommended edition with assistance from the state subject area specialist.

G. A publisher's contract price for materials recommended by the Commission shall apply for five years from the contract date.

R277-469-12. Request for Reconsideration of Recommendation.

A. A request for reconsideration is an additional opportunity provided to a school district, school or publisher for review of instructional materials when the school district, school or the publisher disagrees with the initial Commission recommendation.

B. The request for reconsideration procedure is as follows:

(1) A school district, school or publisher shall receive the evaluations and recommendations from the USOE of the initial review.

(2) A school district, school or publisher shall have 30 days to respond to the evaluation and request to have materials reviewed again during the next review cycle.

(3) During the period of the reconsideration request, materials shall be marked as tentative and shall not be given official status. These materials shall not be posted to the Internet site until recommended through the official Commission process.

(4) A school district, school or publisher may be asked to send a second set of sample materials to the USOE.

(5) Any written information provided by a school district, school or publisher shall be available to the advisory committees during the second review.

(6) After the second review by the subject area advisory committee, the advisory committee's recommendation shall be voted on by the Commission at the next scheduled meeting.

(7) If the Commission votes to change the recommendation, the Board shall be notified of the action at the next scheduled Board meeting.

(8) A school district, school or publisher shall receive written notification of the final recommendation and shall receive a copy of the new evaluation. Evaluations may appear on the Internet if materials are recommended.


instructional materials

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

June 7, 2013

Notice of Continuation

April 8, 2013

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

Art X, Sec 3; 53A-14-101; 53A-14-107; 53A-1-401(3)

Additional Information


For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R277, please contact the promulgating agency (Education, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.