Utah Department of Administrative Services Division of Administrative Rules

Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since July 1, 2014, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R309. Environmental Quality, Drinking Water.

Rule R309-200. Monitoring and Water Quality: Drinking Water Standards.

As in effect on July 1, 2014

Table of Contents

R309-200-1. Purpose.

The purpose of this rule is to set forth the water quality and drinking water standards for public water systems.

R309-200-2 Authority.

R309-200-3 Definitions.

R309-200-4 General.

R309-200-5 Primary Drinking Water Standards

(1) Inorganic Contaminants

(2) Lead and Copper

(3) Organic Monitoring.

(4) Radiological Chemicals.

(5) Turbidity.

(6) Microbiological quality

(7) Disinfection

R309-200-6 Secondary Drinking Water Standards.

R309-200-7 Treatment Techniques and Unregulated Contamiants.

R309-200-8 Approved Laboratories.

R309-200-2. Authority.

This rule is promulgated by the Drinking Water Board as authorized by Title 19, Environmental Quality Code, Chapter 4, Safe Drinking Water Act, Subsection 104 of the Utah Code and in accordance with 63G-3 of the same, known as the Administrative Rulemaking Act.

R309-200-3. Definitions.

Definitions for certain terms used in this rule are given in R309-110 but may be further clarified herein.

R309-200-4. General.

(1) Maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) and treatment techniques are herein established for those routinely measurable substances which may be found in water supplies. "Primary" standards and treatment techniques are established for the protection of human health. "Secondary" regulations are established to provide guidance in evaluating the aesthetic qualities of drinking water.

(2) The applicable "Primary" standards and treatment techniques shall be met by all public drinking water systems. The "Secondary" standards are recommended levels which should be met in order to avoid consumer complaint.

(3) The methods used to determine compliance with these maximum contaminant levels and treatment techniques are given in R309-205 through R309-215. Analytical techniques which shall be followed in making the required determinations shall be as given in 40 CFR 141 as published on July 1, 2008 by the Office of the Federal Register.

(4) Unless otherwise required by the Director, the effective dates on which new analytical methods shall be initiated are identical to the dates published in 40 CFR 141 on July 1, 2008 by the Office of the Federal Register.

(5) If the water fails to meet these minimum standards, then certain public notification procedures shall be carried out, as outlined in R309-220. Water suppliers shall also keep analytical records in their possession, for a required length of time, as outlined in R309-105-17.

R309-200-5. Primary Drinking Water Standards.

(1) Inorganic Contaminants.

(a) The maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for antimony, arsenic, asbestos, barium, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cyanide, fluoride, mercury, nickel, selenium, sodium, thallium and total dissolved solids are applicable to community and non-transient non-community water systems.

(b) The MCLs for nitrate, nitrite, and total nitrate, nitrite and sulfate are applicable to community, non-transient non-community, and transient non-community water systems.

(c) The maximum contaminant levels for inorganic chemicals are listed in Table 200-1.

                                                  TABLE 200-1
                                             PRIMARY INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS

     Contaminant                     Maximum Contaminant Level
      1.  Antimony                      0.006 mg/L
      2.  Arsenic                       0.010 mg/L
                                        (see Note 5 below)
      3.  Asbestos                      7 Million Fibers/liter
                                        (longer than 10 um)
      4.  Barium                        2 mg/L
      5.  Beryllium                     0.004 mg/L
      6.  Cadmium                       0.005 mg/L
      7.  Chromium                      0.1 mg/L
      8.  Cyanide (as free Cyanide)     0.2 mg/L
      9.  Fluoride                      4.0 mg/L
     10.  Mercury                       0.002 mg/L
     11.  Nickel                       --- (see Note 1 below)
     12.  Nitrate                      10 mg/l (as Nitrogen)
                                        (see Note 4 below)
     13. Nitrite                        1 mg/L (as Nitrogen)
     14. Total Nitrate and Nitrite     10 mg/L (as Nitrogen)
     15. Selenium                       0.05 mg/L
     16. Sodium                        --- (see Note 1 below)
     17. Sulfate                     1000 mg/L (see Note 2 below)
     18. Thallium                       0.002 mg/L
     19. Total Dissolved Solids      2000  mg/L (see Note 3 below)
     NOTE:
     (1)  No maximum contaminant level has been established for
nickel and sodium.  However, these contaminant shall be monitored
and reported in accordance with the requirements of R309-205-5(3).
     (2)  If the sulfate level of a public (community, NTNC and
non-community) water system is greater than 500 mg/L, the supplier
shall satisfactorily demonstrate that:
     (a)  No better quality water is available, and
     (b)  The water shall not be available for human consumption
from commercial establishments.
     In no case shall the Director allow the use of water having a
sulfate level greater than 1000 mg/L.
     (3)  If TDS is greater than 1000 mg/L, the supplier shall
satisfactorily demonstrate to the Director that no better water
is available.  The Director shall not allow the use of an inferior
source of water if a better source of water (i.e. lower in TDS)
is available.
     (4)  In the case of a non-community water systems which
exceed the MCL for nitrate, the Director may allow,
on a case-by-case basis, a nitrate level not to exceed 20 mg/L if
the supplier can adequately demonstrate that:
     (a)  such water will not be available to children under 6
months of age as may be the case in hospitals, schools and day
care centers; and
     (b)  there will be continuous posting of the fact that nitrate
levels exceed 10 mg/L and the potential health effect of exposure in
accordance with R309-220-12; and
     (c)  the water is analyzed in conformance to R309-205-5(4); and
     (d)  that no adverse health effects will result.
     (5)  The maximum contaminant level for arsenic is 0.05 mg/L
until January 23, 2006.  The MCL of 0.010 mg/L is effective for the
purposes of compliance on January 23, 2006.
                                                            

(2) Lead and copper.

(a) The lead action level is exceeded if the concentration of lead in more than 10 percent of tap water samples collected during any monitoring period conducted in accordance with R309-210-6(3) is greater than 0.015 mg/L (i.e., if the "90th percentile" lead level is greater than 0.015 mg/L).

(b) The copper action level is exceeded if the concentration of copper in more than 10 percent of tap water samples collected during any monitoring period conducted in accordance with R309-210-6(3) is greater than 1.3 mg/L (i.e., if the "90th percentile" copper level is greater than 1.3 mg/L).

(c) The 90th percentile lead and copper levels shall be computed as follows:

(i) The results of all lead or copper samples taken during a monitoring period shall be placed in ascending order from the sample with the lowest concentration to the sample with the highest concentration. Each sampling result shall be assigned a number, ascending by single integers beginning with the number 1 for the sample with the lowest contaminant level. The number assigned to the sample with the highest contaminant level shall be equal to the total number of samples taken.

(ii) The number of samples taken during the monitoring period shall be multiplied by 0.9.

(iii) The contaminant concentration in the numbered sample yielded by the calculation in paragraph (c)(ii) above is the 90th percentile contaminant level.

(iv) For water systems serving fewer than 100 people that collect 5 samples per monitoring period, the 90th percentile is computed by taking the average of the highest and second highest concentrations.

(v) For a public water system that has been allowed by the Director to collect fewer than five samples in accordance with R309-210-6(3)(c), the sample result with the highest concentration is considered the 90th percentile value.

(3) Organic Contaminants.

The following are the maximum contaminant levels for organic chemicals. For the purposes of R309-100 through R309-R309-605, organic chemicals are divided into three categories: Pesticides/PCBs/SOCs, volatile organic contaminants (VOCs) and total trihalomethanes.

(a) Pesticides/PCBs/SOCs - The MCLs for organic contaminants listed in Table 200-2 are applicable to community water systems and non-transient, non-community water systems.

                                                  TABLE 200-2
                                             PESTICIDE/PCB/SOC CONTAMINANTS

     Contaminant                         Maximum Contaminant Level

      1. Alachlor                        0.002 mg/L
      2. Aldicarb                        (see Note 1 below)
      3. Aldicarb sulfoxide              (see Note 1 below)
      4. Aldicarb sulfone                (see Note 1 below)
      5. Atrazine                        0.003 mg/L
      6. Carbofuran                      0.04 mg/L
      7. Chlordane                       0.002 mg/L
      8. Dibromochloropropane            0.0002 mg/L
      9. 2,4-D                           0.07 mg/L
     10. Ethylene dibromide              0.00005 mg/L
     11. Heptachlor                      0.0004 mg/L
     12. Heptachlor epoxide              0.0002 mg/L
     13. Lindane                         0.0002 mg/L
     14. Methoxychlor                    0.04 mg/L
     15. Polychlorinated biphenyls       0.0005 mg/L
     16. Pentachlorophenol               0.001 mg/L
     17. Toxaphene                       0.003 mg/L
     18. 2,4,5-TP                        0.05 mg/L
     19. Benzo(a)pyrene                  0.0002 mg/L
     20. Dalapon                         0.2 mg/L
     21. Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate         0.4 mg/L
     22. Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate       0.006 mg/L
     23. Dinoseb                         0.007 mg/L
     24. Diquat                          0.02 mg/L
     25. Endothall                       0.1 mg/L
     26. Endrin                          0.002 mg/L
     27. Glyphosate                      0.7 mg/L
     28. Hexachlorobenzene               0.001 mg/L
     29. Hexachlorocyclopentadiene       0.05 mg/L
     30. Oxamyl (Vydate)                 0.2 mg/L
     31. Picloram                        0.5 mg/L
     32. Simazine                        0.004 mg/L
     33. 2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)           0.00000003 mg/L

    Note 1:  The MCL for this contaminant is under further
review, however, this contaminant shall be monitored in
accordance with R309-205-6(1).
                                                            

(b) Volatile organic contaminants - The maximum contaminant levels for organic contaminants listed in Table 200-3 apply to community and non-transient non-community water systems.

                                                  TABLE 200-3
                                              VOLATILE ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS

     Contaminant                        Maximum Contaminant Level

      1.  Vinyl chloride                 0.002 mg/L
      2.  Benzene                        0.005 mg/L
      3.  Carbon tetrachloride           0.005 mg/L
      4.  1,2-Dichloroethane             0.005 mg/L
      5.  Trichloroethylene              0.005 mg/L
      6.  para-Dichlorobenzene           0.075 mg/L
      7.  1,1-Dichloroethylene           0.007 mg/L
      8.  1,1,1-Trichloroethane          0.2 mg/L
      9.  cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene       0.07 mg/L
     10.  1,2-Dichloropropane            0.005 mg/L
     11.  Ethylbenzene                   0.7 mg/L
     12.  Monochlorobenzene              0.1 mg/L
     13.  o-Dichlorobenzene              0.6 mg/L
     14.  Styrene                        0.1 mg/L
     15.  Tetrachloroethylene            0.005 mg/L
     16.  Toluene                        1 mg/L
     17.  trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene     0.1 mg/L
     18.  Xylenes (total)               10 mg/L
     19.  Dichloromethane                0.005 mg/L
     20.  1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene         0.07 mg/L
     21.  1,1,2-Trichloroethane          0.005 mg/L
                                                            

(c) Disinfection Byproducts and Disinfectant Residuals:

(i) Community and Non-transient non-community water systems. Surface Water systems serving 10,000 or more persons shall comply with this section beginning January 1, 2002. Surface water systems serving fewer than 10,000 persons and systems using only ground water not under the direct influence of surface water shall comply with this section beginning January 1, 2004.

(A) Compliance with the disinfection byproduct MCLs listed in Table 200-4 shall be determined by the procedures listed in R309-210-8(6) until the date specified by system size listed in R309-210-10(1)(c) at which time compliance shall be determined utilizing LRAA as specified in R309-210-10(1)(d).

(ii) Transient non-community water systems. Surface water systems serving 10,000 or more persons and using chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant or oxidant shall comply with the chlorine dioxide MRDL beginning January 1, 2002. Surface water systems serving fewer than 10,000 persons and using chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant or oxidant and systems using only ground water not under the direct influence of surface water and using chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant or oxidant shall comply with the chlorine dioxide MRDL beginning January 1, 2004.

(iii) The maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for disinfection byproducts are listed in Table 200- 4.

                                                  TABLE 200-4
                                                 DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS

DISINFECTION BYPRODUCT                  MCL (mg/L)
Total trihalomethanes (TTHM)              0.080
Haloacetic acids (five) (HAA5)            0.060
Bromate                                   0.010
Chlorite                                  1.0
                                                            

(iv) The maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs) are listed in Table 200-5.

                                                  TABLE 200-5
                                          MAXIMUM RESIDUAL DISINFECTANT LEVELS

DISINFECTANT RESIDUAL         MRDL (mg/L)
Chlorine                      4.0 (as Cl2)
Chloramines                   4.0 (as Cl2)
Chlorine dioxide              0.8 (as ClO2)
                                                            

(v) Control of Disinfectant Residuals. Notwithstanding the MRDLs listed in Table 200-5, systems may increase residual disinfectant levels in the distribution system of chlorine or chloramines (but not chlorine dioxide) to a level and for a time necessary to protect public health, to address specific microbiological contamination problems caused by circumstances such as, but not limited to, distribution line breaks, storm run-off events, source water contamination events, or cross-connection events.

(vi) A system that is installing GAC or membrane technology to comply with this section may apply to the Director for an extension of up to 24 months past the dates in paragraph (c)(i) of this section, but not beyond December 31, 2003. In granting the extension, the Director shall set a schedule for compliance and may specify any interim measures that the system shall take. Failure to meet the schedule or interim treatment requirements constitutes a violation of Utah Public Drinking Water Rules.

(4) Radiologic Chemicals.

(a) Compliance dates. Compliance dates for combined radium-226 and -228, gross alpha particle activity, gross beta particle and photon radioactivity, and uranium: Community water systems shall comply with the MCLs listed in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e) of this section beginning December 8, 2003 and compliance shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of this sub-section (4) and R309-205-7. Compliance with reporting requirements for the radionuclides under R309-220 and R309-225 is required on December 8, 2003.

(b) Combined radium-226 and -228. The maximum contaminant level for combined radium-226 and radium- 228 is 5 pCi/L. The combined radium-226 and radium-228 value is determined by the addition of the results of the analysis for radium-226 and the analysis for radium-228.

(c) Gross alpha particle activity (excluding radon and uranium). The maximum contaminant level for gross alpha particle activity (including radium-226 but excluding radon and uranium) is 15 pCi/L.

(d) The MCL for beta particle and photon radioactivity.

(i) The average annual concentration of beta particle and photon radioactivity from man-made radionuclides in drinking water shall not produce an annual dose equivalent to the total body or any internal organ greater than 4 millirem/year (mrem/year).

(ii) Except for the radionuclides listed in Table 200-6, the concentration of man-made radionuclides causing 4 mrem total body or organ dose equivalents shall be calculated on the basis of 2 liters per day drinking water intake using the 168 hour data list in "Maximum Permissible Body Burdens and Maximum Permissible Concentrations of Radionuclides in Air and in Water for Occupational Exposure," NBS (National Bureau of Standards) Handbook 69 as amended August 1963, U.S. Department of Commerce. Copies of this document are available from the National Technical Information Service, NTIS ADA 280 282, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. The toll-free number is 800-553-6847. Copies may be inspected at the Division of Drinking Water offices. If two or more radionuclides are present, the sum of their annual dose equivalent to the total body or to any organ shall not exceed 4 mrem/year.

                                                  TABLE 200-6
                                           MAN-MADE RADIONUCLIDE CONTAMINANTS

Average Annual Concentrations Assumed to Produce:
A Total Body or Organ Dose of 4 mrem/yr

Radionuclide           Critical organ               pCi per liter
Tritium                  Total body                     20,000
Strontium-90             Bone Marrow                         8
                                                            

(e) The MCL for uranium. The maximum contaminant level for uranium is 30 ug/L.

(5) TURBIDITY

(a) All public water systems using surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water shall provide treatment consisting of both disinfection, as specified in R309-200-5(7)(a), and filtration treatment which complies with the requirements of paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of this section.

(i) Conventional filtration treatment or direct filtration.

(A) For systems using conventional filtration or direct filtration, the turbidity level of representative samples of a system's combined filtered effluent water shall be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU in at least 95 percent of the measurements taken each month, measured as specified in R309-200-4(3) and R309-215-9.

(B) The turbidity level of representative samples of a system's combined filtered effluent water shall at no time exceed 1 NTU, measured as specified in R309-200-4(3) and R309-215-9.

(C) A system that uses lime softening may acidify representative samples prior to analysis using a protocol approved by the Director.

(ii) Filtration technologies other than conventional filtration treatment, direct filtration, slow sand filtration, or diatomaceous earth filtration. A public water system may use a filtration technology not listed in paragraph (i) or (iii) of this section if it demonstrates to the Director, using pilot plant studies or other means, that the alternative filtration technology, in combination with disinfection treatment that meets the requirements of R309-200-7, consistently achieves 99.9 percent removal and/or inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts and 99.99 percent removal and/or inactivation of viruses, and 99 percent removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and the Director approves the use of the filtration technology. For each approval, the Director will set turbidity performance requirements that the system shall meet at least 95 percent of the time and that the system may not exceed at any time at a level that consistently achieves 99.9 percent removal and/or inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts, 99.99 percent removal and/or inactivation of viruses, and 99 percent removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts. The turbidity level of representative samples shall at no time exceed 5.0 NTU for any treatment technique, measured as specified in R309-215-9(1)(c) and (d)

(iii) The turbidity limit for slow sand filtration and diatomaceous earth filtration shall be less than or equal to 1.0 NTU in at least 95 percent of the measurements taken each month, measured as specified in R309-215- 9(1)(c) and (d). For slow sand filtration only, if the Director determines that the system is capable of achieving 99.9 percent removal and inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts at some turbidity level higher than 1.0 NTU in at least 95 percent of the measurements, the Director may substitute this higher turbidity limit for that system. The turbidity level of representative samples shall at no time exceed 5.0 NTU for any treatment technique, measured as specified in R309-215- 9(1)(c) and (d).

(c) Ground water sources not under the direct influence of surface water:

(i) The following turbidity limit applies to community water systems only.

(ii) The limit for turbidity in drinking water from ground water sources not under the direct influence of surface sources is 5.0 NTU based on an average for two consecutive days pursuant to R309-205-8(3).

(6) MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY

(a) The maximum contaminant level (MCL) for microbiological contaminants for all public water systems is:

(i) For a system which collects less than 40 total coliform samples per month, no more than one sample per month may be total coliform-positive.

(ii) For a system which collects 40 or more total coliform samples per month, no more than 5.0 percent of the samples collected during a month may be total coliform-positive.

(b) Any fecal coliform-positive or Escherichia coliform (E. coli)-positive repeat sample or any total coliform-positive repeat sample following a fecal coliform positive or E. coli-positive routine sample constitutes a violation of the MCL for total coliforms. For the purposes of public notification requirements in R309-220-5 this is a violation that may pose an acute risk to health.

(c) For NTNC and transient non-community systems that are required to sample at a rate of less than one per month, compliance with paragraphs (a) or (b) of this subsection shall be determined for the month in which the sample was taken.

(7) DISINFECTION

Continuous disinfection is recommended for all water sources. It shall be required of all ground water sources which do not consistently meet standards of bacteriologic quality. Surface water sources or ground water sources under direct influence of surface water shall be disinfected and continuously monitored for disinfection residual during the course of required conventional complete treatment for systems serving greater than 3,300 people. Disinfection shall not be considered a substitute for inadequate collection or filtration facilities.

Successful disinfection assures 99.9 percent inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts and 99.99 percent inactivation of enteric viruses. Both filtration and disinfection are considered treatment techniques to protect against the potential adverse health effects of exposure to Giardia lamblia, viruses, Legionella, and heterotrophic bacteria in water. Minimum disinfection levels are set by "CT" values as defined in R309-110.

(a) Each public water system that provides filtration treatment shall provide disinfection treatment as follows:

(i) The disinfection treatment shall be sufficient to ensure that the total treatment processes of the system achieve at least 99.9 percent (3-log) inactivation and/or removal of Giardia lamblia cysts and at least 99.99 percent (4-log) inactivation and/or removal of viruses, as determined by the Director.

(ii) The residual disinfectant concentration in the water entering the distribution system cannot be less than 0.2 mg/L for more than 4 hours.

(iii) The residual disinfectant concentration in the distribution system, measured as combined chlorine or chlorine dioxide, cannot be undetectable in more than 5 percent of the samples each month, for any two consecutive months that the system serves water to the public. Water in the distribution system with a heterotrophic bacteria concentration less than or equal to 500/ml, measured as heterotrophic plate count (HPC) is deemed to have a detectable disinfectant residual for purposes of determining compliance with this requirement. Thus, the value "V" in the following formula cannot exceed 5 percent in one month, for any two consecutive months.

V = ((c + d + e) / (a + b)) x 100 where:

a = number of instances where the residual disinfectant concentration is measured;

b = number of instances where the residual disinfectant concentration is not measured but heterotrophic bacteria plate count (HPC) is measured;

c = number of instances where the residual disinfectant concentration is measured but not detected and no HPC is measured;

d = number of instances where no residual disinfectant concentration is detected and where HPC is greater than 500/ml;

e = number of instances where the residual disinfectant concentration is not measured and HPC is greater than 500/ml.

(b) If the Director determines, based on site-specific considerations, that a system has no means for having a sample transported and analyzed for HPC by a certified laboratory under the requisite time and temperature conditions specified in Heterotrophic Plate Count (Pour Plate Method) as set forth in the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 1985, American Public Health Association et al. (Method 907A in the 16th edition) and that the system is providing adequate disinfection in the distribution system, the requirements of R309-200- 5(7)(a)(iii) do not apply.

(c) If a system utilizes a combination of sources, some surface water influenced (requiring filtration and disinfection treatment) and others deemed ground water (not requiring any treatment, even disinfection), the Director may, based on site-specific considerations, allow sampling for residual disinfectant or HPC at locations other than those specified by total coliform monitoring required by R309-210-5.

R309-200-6. Secondary Drinking Water Standards for Community, Non-Transient Non-Community and Transient Non-Community Water.

The Secondary Maximum Contaminant Levels for public water systems deals with substances which affect the aesthetic quality of drinking water. They are presented here as recommended limits or ranges and are not grounds for rejection. The taste of water may be unpleasant and the usefulness of the water may be impaired if these standards are significantly exceeded.

                                                  TABLE 200-7
                                            SECONDARY INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS

     Contaminant                  Level

     Aluminum                     0.05 to 0.2 mg/L
     Chloride                   250 mg/L
     Color                       15 Color Units
     Copper                       1 mg/L
     Corrosivity                  Non-corrosive
     Fluoride                     2.0 mg/L (see Note below)
     Foaming Agents               0.5 mg/L
     Iron                         0.3 mg/L
     Manganese                    0.05 mg/L
     Odor                         3 Threshold Odor Number
     pH                           6.5-8.5
     Silver                       0.1 mg/L
     Sulfate                    250 mg/L (see Note below)
     TDS                        500 mg/L (see Note below)
     Zinc                         5 mg/L

    Note:  Maximum allowable Fluoride, TDS and Sulfate levels
are given in the Primary Drinking Water Standards,
R309-200-5(1).  They are listed as secondary standards because
levels in excess of these recommended levels will likely cause
consumer complaint.
                                                            

R309-200-7. Treatment Techniques and Unregulated Contaminants.

(1) The Board has determined that the minimum level of treatment as described in R309-525 and R309- 530 herein or its equivalent is required for surface water sources and ground water contaminated by surface sources.

(2) For all public water systems which use surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water, R309-200, 215, 505, 510, 520, 525 and 530 establish or extend treatment technique requirements in lieu of maximum contaminant levels for the following contaminants: Giardia lamblia, viruses, heterotrophic plate count bacteria, Legionella, Cryptosporidium, and turbidity. The treatment technique requirements consist of installing and properly operating water treatment processes which reliably achieve:

(a) at least 99.9 percent (3-log) removal and/or inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts between a point where the raw water is not subject to re-contamination by surface water runoff and a point downstream before or at the first customer;

(b) at least 99.99 percent (4-log) removal and/or inactivation of viruses between a point where the raw water is not subject to re-contamination by surface water runoff and a point downstream before or at the first customer.

(c) At least 99 percent (2-log) removal of Cryptosporidium between a point where the raw water is not subject to recontamination by surface water runoff and a point downstream before or at the first customer.

(d) Compliance with the profiling and benchmark requirements under the provisions of R309-215-14.

(3) No MCLs are established herein for unregulated contaminants; viruses, protozoans and other chemical and biological substances. Some unregulated contaminants shall be monitored for in accordance with 40 CFR 141.40.

R309-200-8. Approved Laboratories.

(1) For the purpose of determining compliance, samples may be considered only if they have been analyzed by the State of Utah primacy laboratory or a laboratory certified by the Utah State Health Laboratory. However, measurements for pH, temperature, turbidity and disinfectant residual, daily chlorite, TOC, UV254, DOC and SUVA may, under the direction of the direct responsible charge operator, be performed by any water supplier or their representative.

(2) All samples shall be marked either: routine, repeat, check or investigative before submission of such samples to a certified lab. Routine, repeat, and check samples shall be considered compliance purposes samples.

(3) All public water systems shall either: contract with a certified laboratory to have the laboratory send all compliance purposes sample results, with the exception of Lead/Copper data, to the Division of Drinking Water, or shall inform the Division of Drinking Water that they intend to forward all compliance purposes samples to the Division. Each public water system shall furnish the Division of Drinking Water a copy of the contract with their certified laboratory or inform the Division in writing of the public water system's intent to forward the data to the Division.

(4) All sample results can be sent either electronically or in hard copy form.

KEY

drinking water, quality standards, regulated contaminants

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

September 4, 2009

Notice of Continuation

March 22, 2010

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

19-4-104


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R309, please contact the promulgating agency (Environmental Quality, Drinking Water). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.