Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since April 1, 2016, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R432. Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Licensing.
Rule R432-101. Specialty Hospital - Psychiatric.
As in effect on April 1, 2016
Table of Contents
- R432-101-1. Legal Authority.
- R432-101-2. Purpose.
- R432-101-3. Time for Compliance.
- R432-101-4. Definitions.
- R432-101-5. Licensure.
- R432-101-6. General Construction Rules.
- R432-101-7. Organization.
- R432-101-8. Administrator.
- R432-101-9. Professional Staff.
- R432-101-10. Personnel Management Service.
- R432-101-11. Quality Assurance.
- R432-101-12. Infection Control.
- R432-101-13. Patient Security.
- R432-101-14. Special Treatment Procedures.
- R432-101-15. Patients' Rights.
- R432-101-16. Emergency and Disaster.
- R432-101-17. Admission and Discharge.
- R432-101-18. Transfer Agreements.
- R432-101-19. Pets in Hospitals.
- R432-101-20. Inpatient Services.
- R432-101-21. Adolescent or Child Treatment Program.
- R432-101-22. Residential Treatment Services.
- R432-101-23. Physical Restraints, Seclusion, and Behavior Management.
- R432-101-24. Involuntary Medication Administration.
- R432-101-25. Outpatient Emergency Psychiatric Services.
- R432-101-26. Emergency Services.
- R432-101-27. Clinical Services.
- R432-101-28. Laboratory.
- R432-101-29. Pharmacy.
- R432-101-30. Social Services.
- R432-101-31. Activity Therapy.
- R432-101-32. Other Services.
- R432-101-33. Medical Records.
- R432-101-34. Ancillary Services.
- R432-101-35. Partial Hospitalization Services.
- R432-101-36. Penalties.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
This rule is adopted pursuant to Title 26, Chapter 21.
This rule applies to a hospital that chooses to be licensed as a specialty hospital and where its major single service is psychiatric service. If a specialty hospital chooses to have a dual service, e.g., psychiatric and substance abuse or chemical dependency, then both of the appropriate specialty hospital rules apply.
All psychiatric specialty hospitals obtaining initial licensure shall fully comply with this rule.
(1) See Common Definitions in R432-1-3.
(2) Special Definitions.
(a) "Specialty Hospital" means a facility with the following:
(i) a duly constituted governing body with overall administrative and professional responsibility;
(ii) an organized medical staff which provides 24 hour inpatient care;
(iii) a chief executive officer to whom the governing body delegates the responsibility for the operation of the hospital;
(iv) a distinct nursing unit of at least six inpatient beds;
(v) current and complete medical records;
(vi) provide continuous registered nursing supervision and other nursing services;
(vii) provide in house the following basic services:
(C) emergency services and provision for interim care of traumatized patients coordinated with an appropriate emergency transportation service;
(D) specialized diagnostic and therapeutic facilities, medical staff, and equipment required to provide the type of care in the recognized specialty or specialties for which the hospital is organized.
(viii) provide on-site all basic services required of a general hospital that are needed for the diagnosis, therapy and treatment offered or required by patients admitted to or cared for in the specialty facility;
(b) "Investigational Drug" means a drug that is being investigated for human or animal use by the manufacturer or the Food and Drug Administration (FDA); a drug which has not been approved for use by the FDA;
(c) A "physical restraint" means an involuntary intervention employing any device intended to control or restrict the physical movement of a patient, whether applied directly to the patient's body or applied indirectly to act as a barrier to voluntary movement. Simple safety devices are a type of physical restraint.
(d) "Seclusion" means an involuntary intervention employing a procedure that isolates the patient in a specific room or designated area to temporarily remove the patient from the therapeutic community and reduce external stimuli.
(e) "Secure hospital" means a hospital where traffic in and out of the hospital setting is controlled in order to maintain safety for both patients and the community.
(f) "Stable" means a patient is no longer a danger to himself or others, and is able to function and demonstrate the ability to maintain improvements outside the hospital setting.
(g) "Time out" means isolating a patient for a period of time, on a voluntary basis in an unlocked room. This shall be based on hospital policy, as a procedure designed to remove the patient who is exhibiting a specified behavior from the source of stimulation or reinforcement.
(h) "Activity services" means therapies which involve the principles of art, dance, movement, music, occupational therapy, recreational therapy and other disciplines.
(i) "Plan for Patient Care Services" means a written plan which ensures the care, treatment, rehabilitation, and habilitation services provided are appropriate to the needs of the patient population served and the severity of the disease, condition, impairment, or disability.
(j) "Partial Hospitalization" means a time-limited, ambulatory, active treatment program that offers therapeutically intensive, coordinated and structured clinical services where the daily stay lasts no more than 23 hours with the goal of stabilizing the patient to avert inpatient hospitalization or of reducing the length of a hospital stay.
License required. See R432-2.
See R432-7, Psychiatric Construction Rule.
(1) The Governing Body, R432-100-5 applies.
(2) The governing body shall develop through its officers, committees, medical and other staff, a mission statement that includes a Plan for Patient Care Services.
(1) Refer to R432-100-6.
(2) The administrator shall organize and staff the hospital according to the nature, scope and extent of services offered.
(1) The psychiatric services of the hospital shall be organized, staffed and supported according to the nature, scope and extent of the services provided.
(2) Medical and professional staff standards shall comply with R432-100-7. The medical direction of the psychiatric care and services of the hospital shall be the responsibility of a licensed physician who is a member of the medical staff, appointed by the governing body and certified or eligible for certification by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.
(3) Nursing staff standards shall comply with R432-100-12.
(4) The hospital shall provide sufficient qualified, and competent, health care professional and support staff to assess and address patient needs within the Plan for Patient Care Services.
(5) Qualified professional staff members may be employed on a full-time, on a part-time basis or be retained by contract.
(6) Professional staff shall be assigned or assume specific responsibilities on the treatment team as qualified by training and educational experience and as permitted by hospital policy and the scope of the professional license.
(1) The hospital shall provide licensed, certified or registered personnel who are able and competent to perform their respective duties, services, and functions.
(2) Written personnel policies and procedures shall include:
(a) job descriptions for each position, including job title, job summary, responsibilities, minimum qualifications, required skills and licenses, and physical requirements;
(b) a method to handle and resolve grievances from the staff.
(3) All personnel shall have access to hospital policy and procedure manuals, a copy of their position description, and other information necessary to effectively perform duties and carry out responsibilities.
(a) The facility shall conduct a criminal background check with the Department of Public Safety for all employees prior to beginning employment.
(b) The facility is responsible for the security and confidentiality of all information obtained in the criminal background check.
(4) All employees shall be oriented to job requirements and personnel policies, and be provided job training beginning the first day of employment. Documentation shall be signed by the employee and supervisor to indicate basic orientation has been completed during the first 30 days of employment.
(a) Registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and psychiatric technologists shall receive additional orientation to the following:
(i) concepts of treatment provided within the hospital;
(ii) roles and functions of nurses in the treatment programs;
(iii) psychotropic medications.
(b) In-service sessions shall be planned and held at least quarterly and be available to all employees. Attendance standards shall be established by policy.
(c) Licensed professional staff shall receive continuing education to keep informed of significant new developments and to be able to develop new skills.
(d) The following in-service staff development topics shall be addressed annually:
(i) fire prevention;
(ii) review and drill of emergency procedures and evacuation plan;
(iii) prevention and control of infections;
(iv) training in the principles of emergency medical care and cardiopulmonary resuscitation for physicians, licensed nursing personnel, and others as appropriate;
(v) proper use and documentation of restraints and seclusion;
(vi) patients' rights, refer to R432-101-15;
(vii) confidentiality of patient information;
(viii) reporting abuse, neglect or exploitation of adults or children; and
(ix) provision of care appropriate to the age of the patient population served.
(5) Volunteers may be utilized in the daily activities of the hospital but shall not be included in the hospital's staffing plan in lieu of hospital employees.
(a) Volunteers shall be screened by the administrator or designee and supervised according to hospital policy.
(b) Volunteers shall be familiar with the hospital's policies and procedures on volunteers, including patient rights and facility emergency procedures.
(6) All hospital personnel shall be licensed, registered, or certified as required by the Utah Department of Commerce. Copies of the current license, registration or certification shall be in the personnel files. Failure to ensure that the individual is appropriately licensed, registered or certified may result in sanctions to the facility license.
(1) The facility shall have a well-defined quality assurance plan designed to improve the delivery of patient care through evaluation of the quality of patient care services and resolution of identified problems. The plan shall be consistent with the Plan for Patient Care Services.
(2) The plan shall be implemented and include a method for:
(a) identification and assessment of problems, concerns, or opportunities for improvement of patient care;
(b) implementation of actions that are designed to:
(i) eliminate identified problems where possible;
(ii) improve patient care;
(c) documentation of corrective actions and results;
(d) reporting findings and concerns to the medical, nursing, and allied health care staffs, the administrator, and the governing board.
(3) Documentation of minutes of meetings shall be maintained for Department review.
(1) The facility shall have a written plan to effectively prevent, identify, report, evaluate and control infections.
(2) The plan shall include a method to collect and monitor data and carry out necessary follow-up actions.
(3) Infection control actions shall be documented consistent with the requirements of the plan and in accordance with Department requirements and standards of medical practice.
(4) In-service education and training of employees shall be provided to all service and program components of the hospital.
(5) The infection control plan shall be reviewed and revised as necessary, but at least annually.
(6) The hospital shall implement an employee health surveillance program and infection control policy which meets the requirements of R432-100-10 and the following:
(a) complete at the time a person is hired, an employee health inventory that includes the following:
(i) conditions that may predispose the employee to acquiring or transmitting infectious diseases;
(ii) conditions that may prevent the employee from satisfactorily performing assigned duties.
(b) develop employee health screening and immunization components of personnel health programs in accordance with Rule R386-702, concerning communicable diseases;
(c) employee skin testing by the Mantoux Method or other FDA approved in-vitro serologic test and follow up for tuberculosis shall be done in accordance with R388-804, Special Measures for the Control of Tuberculosis.
(i) The licensee shall ensure that all employees are skin tested for tuberculosis within two weeks of:
(A) initial hiring;
(B) suspected exposure to a person with active tuberculosis; and
(C) development of symptoms of tuberculosis.
(ii) all employees with known positive reaction to skin tests are exempt from skin testing.
(d) report all infections and communicable diseases reportable by law to the local health department in accordance with Section R386-702-2, concerning reportable diseases; and
(e) comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Bloodborne Pathogen Standard.
(1) The facility shall provide sufficient internal and external security measures consistent with the Plan for Patient Care Services. There shall be positive supervision and control of the patient populations at all times to assure patient and public safety.
(2) If a facility offers more than one treatment program or serves more than one age group, patient population or program, the patients shall not be mixed or be co-mingled.
(3) There shall be sufficient supervision to ensure a safe and secure living environment which is defined in the Plan for Patient Care Services.
There shall be a hospital policy regarding the use of special treatment procedures. It shall include as a minimum:
(1) the use of seclusion, refer to R432-101-23;
(2) the use of restraint, refer to R432-101-23;
(3) the use of convulsive therapy including electroconvulsive therapy;
(4) the use of psychosurgery or other surgical procedures for the intervention or alteration of a mental, emotional or behavioral disorder;
(5) the use of behavior modification with painful stimuli;
(6) the use of unusual, investigational and experimental drugs;
(7) the use of drugs associated with abuse potential and those having substantial risk or undesirable side effects;
(8) an explanation as to whether the hospital will conduct research projects involving inconvenience or risk to the patient; and
(9) involuntary medication administration for emergent and ongoing treatment.
(1) Each patient shall be provided care and treatment in accordance with the standards and ethics accepted under Title 58 for licensed, registered or certified health care practitioners.
(2) There shall be a committee appointed by the administrator that consists of members of the facility staff, patients or family members, as appropriate, other qualified persons with knowledge of the treatment of mental illness, and at least one person who has no ownership or vested interest in the facility. This committee shall:
(a) review, monitor and make recommendations concerning individual treatment programs established to manage inappropriate behavior, and other programs that, in the opinion of the committee, involve risks to patient safety or restrictions of a patient's rights, or both;
(b) review, monitor and make recommendations concerning facility practices and policies as they relate to drug usage, restraints, seclusion and time out procedures, applications of painful or noxious stimuli, control of inappropriate behavior, protection of patient rights and any other area that the committee believes need to be addressed;
(c) keep minutes of all meetings and communicate the findings to the administrator for appropriate action;
(d) designate a person to act as a patient advocate, to be available to respond to questions and requests for assistance from the patients and to bring to the attention of the committee any issues or items of interest that concern the rights of the patients or their care and status;
(e) recommend written policies with regard to patient rights which are consistent with state law. Once adopted, these policies shall be posted in areas accessible to patients, and made available upon request to the patient, family, next of kin or the public.
(3) The individual treatment plan and clinical orders shall address the following rights to ensure patients are permitted communication with family, friends and others. Restrictions to these rights shall be reviewed by the Patient Rights or Ethics Committee. Limitations to the rights identified in R432-101-15(3)(a) through (d) may be established to protect the patient, other patients or staff or where prohibited by law.
(a) Each patient shall be permitted to send and receive unopened mail.
(b) Each patient shall be afforded reasonable access to a telephone to make and receive unmonitored telephone calls.
(c) Each patient shall be permitted to receive authorized visitors and to speak with them in private.
(d) Each patient shall be permitted to attend and participate in social, community and religious groups.
(e) Each patient shall be afforded the opportunity to voice grievances and recommend changes in policies and services to hospital staff and outside representatives of personal choice, free from restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination, or reprisal.
(f) Each patient shall be permitted to communicate via sealed mail with the Utah Department of Human Services, the Utah Department of Health, the Legal Center for the People with Disabilities, legal counsel and the courts. The patient shall be permitted to communicate with and to visit with legal counsel or clergy of choice or both.
(4) Each patient shall be afforded the opportunity to participate in the planning of his care and treatment. The patient's participation in the treatment planning shall be documented in the medical record.
(a) Each patient shall receive an explanation of treatment goals, methods, therapies, alternatives and associated costs.
(b) Each patient shall be able to refuse care and treatment, as permitted by law, including experimental research and any treatment that may result in irreversible conditions.
(c) Each patient shall be informed of his medical condition, upon request, unless medically contraindicated. If contraindicated, the circumstances must be documented in the patient record.
(d) Each patient shall be free from mental and physical abuse and free from chemical and physical restraints except as part of the authorized treatment program, or when necessary to protect the patient from injury to himself or to others.
(5) Each patient shall be afforded the opportunity to exercise all civil rights, including voting, unless the patient has been adjudicated incompetent and not restored to legal capacity.
(a) Patients shall not be required to perform services for the hospital that are not included for therapeutic purposes in the plans of care.
(b) Patients shall not be required to participate in publicity events, fund raising activities, movies or anything that would exploit the patients.
(c) Each patient shall be permitted to exercise religious beliefs and participate in religious worship services without being coerced or forced into engaging in any religious activity.
(d) Each patient shall be permitted to retain and use personal clothing and possessions as space permits, unless doing so would infringe upon rights of other patients or interfere with treatment.
(e) Each patient shall be permitted to manage personal financial affairs, or to be given at least a monthly accounting of financial transactions made on their behalf should the hospital accept a patient's written delegation of this responsibility.
(1) The hospital shall be responsible to assure the safety and well-being of patients.
(a) There must be provisions for the maintenance of a safe environment in the event of an emergency or disaster.
(b) An emergency or disaster may include to utility interruption, such as gas, water, sewer, fuel and electricity, explosion, fire, earthquake, bomb threat, flood, windstorm, epidemic, and injury.
(2) The administrator or his designee shall be responsible for the development of a plan, coordinated with state and local emergency or disaster offices, to respond to emergencies or disasters.
(a) This plan shall be in writing and list the coordinating authorities by name and title.
(b) The plan shall be distributed or made available to all hospital staff to assure prompt and efficient implementation.
(c) The plan shall be reviewed and updated as necessary in coordination with local emergency or disaster management authorities. The plan shall be available for review by the Department.
(d) The administrator shall be in charge of operations during any significant emergency. If not on the premises, the administrator shall make every reasonable effort to get to the hospital to relieve subordinates and take charge of the situation.
(e) Disaster drills, in addition to fire drills, shall be held semiannually for all staff. Drills and staff response to drills shall be documented.
(f) The facility shall identify and post in a prominent location the name of the person in charge and names and telephone numbers of emergency medical personnel, agencies and appropriate communication and emergency transport systems.
(3) The hospital's emergency response procedures shall address the following:
(a) evacuation of occupants to a safe place within the hospital or to another location;
(b) delivery of essential care and services to hospital occupants by alternate means regardless of setting;
(c) delivery of essential care and services when additional persons are housed in the hospital during an emergency;
(d) delivery of essential care and services to hospital occupants when staff is reduced by an emergency;
(e) maintenance of safe ambient air temperatures within the hospital.
(i) Emergency heating must have the approval of the local fire department.
(ii) An ambient air temperature of 58 degrees F (14 degrees C) or lower may constitute a danger to the health and safety of the patients in the hospital. The person in charge shall take immediate and appropriate action.
(4) The hospital's emergency plan shall delineate shall include:
(a) the person or persons with decision-making authority for fiscal, medical, and personnel management;
(b) on-hand personnel, equipment, and supplies and how to acquire additional help, supplies, and equipment after an emergency or disaster;
(c) assignment of personnel to specific tasks during an emergency;
(d) methods of communicating with local emergency agencies, authorities, and other appropriate individuals;
(e) the individuals who shall be notified in an emergency in order of priority;
(f) method of transporting and evacuating patients and staff to other locations;
(g) conversion of hospital for emergency use.
(5) The facility shall schedule and hold at least one fire drill per shift per quarter. The facility shall document the date and time the drill was held, including a brief description of the event and participants. Documentation shall be maintained for review by the Department.
(a) There shall be a fire emergency evacuation plan, written in consultation with qualified fire safety personnel.
(b) A physical plant evacuation diagram delineating evacuation routes, location of fire alarm boxes and fire extinguishers, and emergency telephone numbers of the local fire department shall be posted in exit access ways throughout the hospital.
(c) The written plan shall include fire-containment procedures and how to use the hospital alarm systems and signals.
(d) The actual evacuation of patients during a drill is optional.
(1) The hospital shall develop written admission, exclusion and discharge policies consistent with the Plan for Patient Care Services and the Utilization Review plan. These policies shall be available to the public upon request.
(2) The hospital shall make available to the public and each potential patient information regarding the various services provided, methods and therapies used by the hospital, and associated costs of such services.
(3) Admission criteria shall be clearly stated in writing in hospital policies.
(a) The facility shall assess and screen all potential patients prior to admission and admit a patient only if it determines that the facility is the least restrictive setting appropriate for their needs. The pre-screening process shall include an evaluation of the patient's past criminal and violent behavior.
(b) Patients shall be admitted for treatment and care only if the hospital is properly licensed for the treatment required and has the staff and resources to meet the medical, physical, and emotional needs of the patient.
(c) Patients shall be admitted by, and remain under the care of, a member of the medical staff. There shall be a written order for admission and care of the patient at the time of admission. A documented telephone order is acceptable.
(d) There shall be procedures to govern the referral of ineligible patients to alternate sources of treatment where possible.
(e) Involuntary commitment must be in accordance with Section 62A-12-234.
(f) All out of state adjudicated delinquent juveniles admitted to the hospital shall be processed and monitored through the appropriate Interstate Compact.
(4) The patient shall be discharged when the hospital is no longer able to meet the patient's identified needs, when care can be delivered in a less restrictive setting, or when the patient no longer needs care.
(a) There shall be an order for patient discharge by a member of the medical staff except as indicated in R432-101-17(4)(b) below.
(b) In cases of discharge against medical advice, AMA, the attending physician or qualified designee shall be contacted and the response documented in the patient record.
(c) Discharge planning shall be coordinated with the patient, family, and other parties or agencies who are able to meet the patient's needs.
(d) Upon discharge of a patient, all money and valuables of that patient which have been entrusted to the hospital shall be surrendered to the patient in exchange for a signed receipt.
(1) The hospital shall maintain a written transfer agreement with one or more general acute hospitals to facilitate the placement of patients and transfer of essential patient information in case of medical emergency.
(2) Patients shall not be referred to another facility without prior contact with that facility.
(1) If a hospital chooses to allow pets in the facility, it shall develop a written policy in accordance with these rules and local ordinances.
(2) Household pets, such as dogs, cats, birds, fish, and hamsters, can be permitted only under the following conditions:
(a) pets must be clean and disease free;
(b) the immediate environment of pets must be kept clean;
(c) small pets such as birds and hamsters are kept in appropriate enclosures;
(d) pets not confined in enclosures must be hand held, under leash control, or under voice control;
(e) pets that are kept at the hospital or are frequent visitors shall have current vaccinations, including, but not limited to, rabies, as recommended by a designated licensed veterinarian.
(3) The hospital shall have written policies and procedures for pet care.
(a) The administrator or designee shall determine which pets may be brought into the hospital. Family members may bring a patient's pet to visit provided they have approval from the administrator and offer reasonable assurance that the pets are clean, disease free, and vaccinated as appropriate.
(b) Hospitals with birds shall have procedures which protect patients, staff, and visitors from psittacosis. Procedures should ensure minimum handling of droppings. Droppings shall be placed in a plastic bag for disposal.
(c) Hospitals with pets that are kept overnight shall have written policies and procedures for the care, feeding, and housing of such pets and for proper storage of pet food and supplies.
(4) Pets are not permitted in food preparation or storage areas. Pets shall not be permitted in any area where their presence would create a significant health or safety risk to others. Persons caring for any pets shall not have patient care or food handling responsibilities.
(1) Upon admission, a physician or qualified designee shall document the need for admission. A brief narrative of the patient's condition, including, the nurses admitting notes, temperature, pulse, respirations, blood pressure, and weight, shall be documented in the patient's record. The admission record shall be completed according to hospital policy.
(a) A physician or qualified designee shall make an assessment of each patient's physical health and a preliminary psychiatric assessment within 24 hours of admission. The history and physical exam shall include appropriate laboratory work-up, a determination of the type and extent of special examinations, tests, or evaluations needed, and when indicated, a thorough neurological exam.
(b) A psychiatrist or psychologist or qualified designee shall make an assessment of each patient's mental health within 24 hours of admission. A written emotional or behavioral assessment of each patient shall be entered in the patient's record.
(c) There shall be a written assessment of the patient's legal status to include but not be limited to:
(i) a history with information about competency, court commitment, prior criminal convictions, and any pending legal actions;
(ii) the urgency of the legal situation;
(iii) how the individual's legal situation may influence treatment.
(2) A written individual treatment plan shall be initiated for each patient upon admission and completed no later than 7 working days after admission. The individual treatment plan shall be based upon the information resulting from the assessment of patient needs, see R432-101-20(1).
(a) The individual treatment plan shall be part of the patient record and signed by the person responsible for the patient's care. Patient care shall be administered according to the individual treatment plan.
(b) Individual treatment plans must be reviewed on a weekly basis for the first three months, and thereafter at intervals determined by the treatment team but not to exceed every other month.
(c) The written individual treatment plan shall be based on a comprehensive functional assessment of each patient. When appropriate, the patient and family shall be invited to participate in the development and review of the individual treatment plan. Patient and family participation shall be documented.
(d) The individual treatment plan shall be available to all personnel who provide care for the patient.
(e) The Utah State Hospital is exempt from the R432-101-20(2) and R432-101-20(2)(b) time frames for initiating and reviewing the individual treatment plan. The Utah State Hospital shall initiate for each patient admitted an individual treatment plan within 14 days and shall review the plan on a monthly basis.
(1) A hospital that admits adolescents or children for care and treatment shall have the organization, staff, and space to meet the specialized needs of this specific group of patients.
(a) Children shall be classified as age five to 12 and adolescents ages 13 - 18.
(b) If a child is considered for admission to an adolescent program, the facility shall assess and document that the child's developmental growth is appropriate for the adolescent program.
(c) Adolescent patients who reach their eighteenth birthday, the age of majority, may remain in the facility on the adolescent unit to complete the treatment program.
(2) A mental health professional with training in adolescent or child psychiatry, or adolescent or child psychology, as appropriate, shall be responsible for the treatment program.
(3) Adolescent or child nursing care shall be under the direction of a registered nurse qualified by training, experience, and ability to effectively direct the nursing staff. All nursing personnel shall have training in the special needs of adolescents or children.
(4) There must be educational provision for all patient's of school age who are in the hospital over one month.
(5) Adolescents may be admitted to an adult unit when specifically ordered by the attending member of the medical staff, but may not remain there more than three days unless the clinical director approves orders for the adolescent to remain on the adult unit.
(6) Specialized programs for children must be flexible enough to meet the needs of the children being served.
(a) There shall be a written statement of philosophy, purposes and program orientation including short and long term goals.
(b) The types of services provided and the characteristics of the child population being served shall also be included in the service's policy document. It shall be available to the public on request.
(c) There shall be a written description of the program's overall approach to family involvement in the care of the patient.
(d) There shall be a written policy regarding visiting and other forms of patient communication with family, friends and significant others.
(e) There shall be a written plan of basic daily routines. It shall be available to all personnel and shall be revised as necessary.
(f) There shall be a written complaint process for children in clear and simple language that identifies an avenue to make a complaint without fear of retaliation.
(g) There shall be a comprehensive written guide of preventive, routine, and emergency medical care for all children in the program, including written policies and procedures on the use and administration of psychotropic and other medication.
(h) There shall be a complete health record for each child including:
(iii) medical examination;
(iv) vision and dental examination, if indicated by the medical examination;
(v) a complete record of treatment for each specific illness or medical emergency.
(i) The use of emergency medication shall be specifically ordered by a physician or other person licensed to prescribe and be related to a documented medical need.
(j) In addition to the medical record requirements, the child's record shall contain:
(i) documents related to the referral of the child to the program;
(ii) documentation of the child's current parental custody status or legal guardianship status;
(iii) the child's court status, if applicable;
(iv) cumulative health records, where possible;
(v) education records and reports.
(k) The following standards apply to children's programs within a secure, locked treatment facility:
(i) There shall be a statement in the child's record identifying the specific security measures employed and demonstrating that these measures are necessary in order to provide appropriate services to the child.
(ii) There shall be evidence that the staff and the child are aware of the hospital's emergency procedures and the location of emergency exits.
(iii) If children are locked in their rooms during sleeping hours, there shall be a method to unlock the rooms simultaneously from a central point or upon activation of a fire alarm system.
(iv) There shall be a recreational program offering a wide variety of activities suited to the interests and abilities of the children in care.
(1) If offered, the residential treatment service shall be organized as a distinct part of the hospital service, either free-standing or as part of the licensed facility. Residential treatment services shall be under the direction of the medical director or designee.
(2) "Residential Treatment" means a 24-hour group living environment for four or more individuals unrelated to the owner or provider. Individuals are assisted in acquiring the social and behavioral skills necessary for living independently.
(3) The hospital administrator shall appoint a program manager responsible for the day-to-day operation and resident supervision.
(a) The program manager's responsibilities shall be clearly defined in the job description.
(b) Whenever the manager is absent, a substitute manager shall be appointed.
(4) Residential treatment staff shall have specialized training in the area of psychiatric treatment. Staff shall consist of:
(a) a licensed physician;
(b) a certified or licensed clinical social worker;
(c) a licensed psychologist;
(d) a licensed registered nurse; and
(e) unlicensed staff who are trained to work with psychiatric residents and who shall be supervised by a health care practitioner.
(5) Programs admitting children or adolescents shall ensure that their education is continued through grade 12.
(a) Curriculum shall be approved by the Utah Office of Education.
(b) Education services provided by the licensee must be accredited by the Utah State Board of Education or Board Northwest Association of School and Colleges.
(c) Teachers must be certified by the Utah State Board of Education. Certification in Special Education is required where clearly necessary to supervise or carry out educational curriculum.
(6) An individual treatment plan developed by an interdisciplinary team shall be initiated for each resident upon admission and a completed copy placed in the resident record within seven days.
(a) The treatment plan shall identify the resident's needs, as described by a comprehensive functional assessment.
(b) The resident, his responsible party (if available), and facility staff shall participate in the planning of treatment. The facility staff shall encourage the resident's attendance at interdisciplinary team meetings.
(c) The written treatment plan shall set forth goals and objectives stated in terms of desirable behavior that prescribes an integrated program of activities, therapies, and experiences necessary for the resident to reach the goals and objectives.
(7) The comprehensive functional assessment shall consider the resident's age and the implications for treatment. The assessment shall identify:
(a) the presenting problems and disabilities for admission and, where possible, their cause;
(b) specific individual strengths;
(c) special behavioral management needs;
(d) physical health status to include:
(i) a history and physical exam performed by a physician or nurse practitioner which includes appropriate laboratory work-up;
(ii) a determination of the type and extent of special examinations, tests or evaluations needed.
(e) alcohol and drug history;
(f) degree of psychological impairment and measures to be taken to relieve treatable diseases;
(g) the capacity for social interaction and habilitation and rehabilitation measures to be taken;
(h) the emotional or behavioral status based on an assessment of:
(i) a history of previous emotional or behavioral problems and treatment;
(ii) the resident's current level of emotional or behavioral functioning;
(iii) an evaluation by a psychiatrist, psychologist or qualified designee within 30-days prior to admission, or within 24 hours after admission.
(i) if indicated, psychological testing shall include intellectual and personality testing.
(8) The comprehensive assessment shall be amended to reflect any changes in the resident's condition.
(9) An individual treatment plan shall be implemented which provides services to improve the resident's condition which are offered in an environment that encompasses physical, interpersonal, cultural, therapeutic, rehabilitative, and habilitative components.
(10) The resident shall be encouraged to participate in professionally developed and supervised activities, experiences or therapies in accordance with the individualized treatment plan.
(11) The provisions of R432-101-23. Physical Restraints, Seclusion, and Behavior Management shall apply.
(1) Physical restraints, including seclusion shall only be used to protect the patient from injury to himself or to others or to assist patients to attain and maintain optimum levels of physical and emotional functioning.
(2) Restraints shall not be used for the convenience of staff, for punishment or discipline, or as substitutes for direct patient care, activities, or other services.
(3) Each hospital shall develop written policies and procedures that will govern the use of physical restraints and seclusion. A major focus of these policies shall be to provide patient safety and ensure civil and patient rights.
(4) Policies shall incorporate and address at least the following:
(a) examples of the types of restraints and safety devices that are acceptable for use and possible patient conditions for which the restraint may be used;
(b) guidelines for periodic release and position change or exercise, with instructions for documentation of this action.
(5) Bed sheets or other linens shall not be used as restraints.
(6) Restraints shall not unduly hinder evacuation of the patient in the event of fire or other emergency.
(7) Physical restraints must be authorized by a member of the medical staff in writing every 24 hours. PRN orders for restraints are prohibited. If a physical restraint is used in behavior management, there must be an individualized behavior management program and an ongoing monitoring system to assure effectiveness of the treatment, see Subsection R432-101-4(2)(c).
(a) Use of restraints will be reviewed routinely in the patient care conference, as the order is renewed by the member of the medical staff, and on a day-to-day basis as care is delivered. This shall be considered an ongoing process, and documented in the patient's record.
(b) Use of physical restraints, including simple safety devices, may be used only if a specific hazard or need for restraint is present. The physician order must indicate the type of physical restraint or safety device to be used and the length of time to be used. A facility restraint policy may be developed addressing the above items and accepted by reference in the patient care plan.
(c) Physical restraints must be applied by properly trained staff, to ensure a minimum of discomfort, allowing sufficient body movement to ensure that circulation will not be impaired. No restraint shall be used or applied in such a manner as to cause injury or the potential for injury.
(d) Staff shall monitor and assess a patient who is restrained. The restraint shall be released or the patient's position changed at least every two hours, unless written justification is provided for why such restraint release is dangerous to the patient or others.
(e) Physical restraints may be used in an emergency, if there is an obvious threat to life or immediate safety, as follows:
(i) Verbal orders may be given by the physician to a licensed nurse by telephone.
(ii) A licensed health care professional, identified by policy, may initiate the use of a restraint; however, verbal or written approval from the physician must be obtained within one hour.
(iii) A verbal order must be signed by a physician within 24 hours.
(iv) Staff members shall document in the patient's record the circumstances necessitating emergency use of the restraint and the patient's response.
(8) Seclusion must be used in accordance with hospital policy and authorized by a member of the medical staff.
(a) If seclusion is used for behavior management, there must be an individualized behavior management program and an ongoing monitoring system to assure effectiveness of the treatment, see Subsection R432-101-4(2)(e).
(b) Use of seclusion shall be reviewed routinely in the patient care conference, as the order is renewed by the member of the medical staff, and on a day-to-day basis as care is delivered. This shall be considered an ongoing process. The patient shall be monitored for adverse effects. The evaluations and reviews shall be part of the patient record.
(9) Time out shall be used in accordance with hospital policy, but does not have to be authorized by a member of the medical staff for each use.
The use of time out shall be included in the patient care plan and documented in the patient record.
(10) Hospital policy must establish criteria for admission and retention of patients who require behavior management programs, and shall specify the data to be collected and the location of these data in the clinical record.
(a) The program must be developed by the interdisciplinary team. There must be an opportunity for involvement of the patient, next of kin or designated representative.
(b) A behavior management program must be approved for a patient by the team leader, as described by hospital policy.
(c) Behavior management programs must employ the least restrictive methods to produce the desired outcomes and incorporate a process to identify and reinforce desirable behavior. Consent for use of any behavior management program that employs aversive stimuli must be obtained from the patient, next of kin, or designated representative.
(d) The behavior management program shall be incorporated into the patient care plan.
(e) The behavior management program shall be reviewed routinely by the interdisciplinary team as the patient care conference is conducted, as the order is renewed by the member of the medical staff, and on a day-to-day basis as care is delivered. This shall be considered an ongoing process.
(f) Documentation in the patient's record shall include:
(g) a behavior baseline profile, including a description of the undesirable behavior, as well as a statement whether there is a known history of previous undesirable behaviors and prior treatment;
(i) conditions under which the behavior occurs;
(ii) interventions used and their results;
(iii) a behavior management program including specific measurable behavioral objectives, time frames, names, titles, and signature of the person responsible for conducting the program, and monitoring and evaluation methods;
(iv) summaries and dates of the evaluations and reviews by the interdisciplinary team.
(1) The facility shall adopt and implement a policy and procedure for patients who refuse a prescribed medication. The policy shall include the following:
(a) the facility staff shall document the refusal of medications in the individual care plan; and
(b) the interdisciplinary team shall review and assess the patient's refusal of medication, ensuring that the patient's rights are protected.
(2) If the interdisciplinary team determines that the patient requires medication, as part of a behavior management program, or for emergency patient management, or for clinical treatment, and a physician or licensed practitioner orders the medication, then the facility staff shall document the physician's order in the individual treatment plan and administer the medication.
(3) If a patient is administered involuntary medications, the facility staff shall review the administration of medications in a patient care conference, each time the physician renews the medication order, and on a day-to-day basis as care is delivered.
(4) The facility staff shall evaluate and assess the patient for adverse side effects. The facility staff shall document the evaluation and assessment in the patient record.
(1) If the hospital offers outpatient emergency psychiatric services, the service shall be organized as a service specifically designated for this purpose and under the direction of the medical director or designee.
(a) Services shall be available 24 hours a day to persons presenting themselves for assistance.
(b) If the hospital chooses not to offer emergency outpatient psychiatric services, it shall have a written plan for referral of persons making inquiry regarding such services or presenting themselves for assistance.
(2) The outpatient service shall be supported by policies and procedures including admission, and treatment procedures, and medical and psychiatric reference materials.
(3) Involuntary detention of a person must be according to applicable hospital policy and Utah Law.
(1) Each facility shall provide physician and registered nurse coverage 24 hours per day. Nursing and other allied health professional staff shall be readily available in the hospital. Staff may have collateral duties elsewhere in the hospital, but must be able to respond when needed without adversely affecting patient care or treatment elsewhere in the hospital.
(2) The facility shall have trained staff to triage emergency care for each patient, staff and visitor, to stabilize the presenting condition, and transfer to an appropriately licensed facility.
(3) The facility must have an emergency area which includes a treatment room, storage for supplies and equipment, provisions for reception and control of patients, convenient patient toilet room, and communication hookup and access to a poison control center.
(4) If the hospital offers additional or expanded emergency services, the service must comply with the provisions of the appropriate sections of R432-100-16.
(5) The hospital shall have protocols for contacting local emergency medical services.
(1) If the following services are used, R432-100 shall apply:
(a) Surgical Services, R432-100-14.
(b) Critical Care Unit, R432-100-13.
(c) Inpatient Hospice, R432-750.
(2) If chemical dependency or substance abuse services are provided, the R432-102 Specialty Hospital - Chemical Dependency/Substance Abuse Rules apply.
(1) Each specialty hospital must have a CLIA certificate. If an outside lab is contracted for providing services, the outside lab shall have a CLIA certificate.
(2) If outside laboratory services are secured through contract, the hospital must maintain an in-house ability to collect, preserve and arrange for delivery to the outside laboratory for testing. If additional laboratory services are provided, the hospital must comply with the appropriate sections of R432-100-22.
(1) Each specialty hospital must have the ability to provide in house certain basic services, such as storage, dispensing, and administration of medication.
(2) All pharmacy services must comply with the appropriate sections of R432-100-24.
(3) The facility must have a policy approved by the board and the medical staff on the use of investigational drugs.
(1) The facility shall provide social services to assist staff, patients, and patients' families to understand and cope with a patient's social, emotional, and related health problems.
(a) Social services shall be under the direction of a licensed clinical social worker. The role and function of social services shall be listed in policy documents and meet generally accepted practices of Mental Health Professional Practice Act.
(b) Social services personnel shall serve as a patient advocate to:
(i) provide services to maximize each patient's ability to adjust to the social and emotional aspects of his situation, treatments, and continued stay in the hospital;
(ii) participate in ongoing discharge planning to assure continuity of care for the patient;
(iii) initiate referrals to official agencies when the patient needs legal or financial assistance;
(iv) maintain appropriate liaison with the family or other responsible persons concerning the patient's placement and rights;
(v) preserve the dignity and rights of each patient.
(2) Each hospital shall develop social services policies and procedures which include at least the following:
(a) a system to identify, plan, and provide services according to the social and emotional needs of patients;
(b) job descriptions, including title and qualifications of all persons who provide social services;
(c) a method to refer patients to outside social services agencies when the hospital is unable to resolve a patient's problems.
(3) The Social Service director shall participate in any pertinent quality assurance activities of the hospital.
(1) The hospital shall provide activity therapy services to meet the physical, social, cultural, recreational, health maintenance and rehabilitational needs of patients as defined in the patient care plan.
(a) The activity therapy service shall have policies that describe the organization of the service and provision for services to the patient population.
(i) Program goals and objectives shall be stated in writing.
(ii) Appropriate activities shall be provided to patients during the day, in the evening, and on the weekend.
(iii) Patient participation in planning shall be sought, whenever possible.
(iv) Activity schedules shall be posted in places accessible to patients and staff.
(b) Activity therapy shall be incorporated into the patient care plan.
(c) Patients shall be permitted leisure time and encouraged to use it in a way that fulfills their cultural and recreational interests and their feelings of human dignity.
(2) The activity therapy service shall be supervised by an individual.
(3) The facility shall provide sufficient space, equipment, and facilities to meet the needs of the patients. Space, equipment, and facilities shall meet federal, state and local requirements for safety, fire prevention, health, and sanitation.
If the following services are provided, R432-100 shall apply:
(a) Anesthesia Services, R432-100-15.
(b) Rehabilitation Therapy Services, R432-100-20.
(c) Radiology, R432-100-21.
(d) Respiratory Care Services, R432-100-19.
(1) The hospital shall comply with the provisions of R432-100-33.
(2) Contents of the patient record shall describe a patient's physical, social and mental health status at the time of admission, the services provided, the progress made, and a patient's physical, social and mental health status at the time of discharge.
(a) The patient record identification data recorded on standardized forms shall include the patient's name, home address, date of birth, sex, next of kin, marital status, and date of admission.
(b) The patient record shall include:
(i) involuntary commitment status, including relevant legal documents;
(ii) date the information was gathered, and names and signatures of the staff members gathering the information.
(c) The patient record shall contain pertinent information on the course of treatment to include:
(i) signed orders by physicians and other authorized practitioners for medications and treatments;
(ii) relevant physical examination, medical history, and physical and mental diagnoses using a recognized diagnostic coding system;
(iii) information on any unusual occurrences, such as treatment complications, accidents, or injuries to or inflicted by the patient, and procedures that place the patient at risk;
(iv) documentation of patient and family involvement in the treatment program;
(v) progress notes written by the psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, nurse, and others significantly involved in active treatment;
(vi) temperature, pulse, respirations, blood pressure, height, and weight notations, when indicated;
(vii) reports of laboratory, radiologic, or other diagnostic procedures, and reports of medical or surgical procedures when performed;
(viii) correspondence with signed and dated notations of telephone calls concerning the patient's treatment;
(ix) a written plan for discharge including an assessment of patient needs;
(x) documentation of any instance in which the patient was absent from the hospital without permission;
(xi) the patient care plan.
(d) There shall be a discharge summary signed by the attending member of the medical staff and entered into the patient record within 30 calendar days from the date of discharge. In the event a patient dies, the discharge statement shall include a summary of events leading to the death.
(e) The patient record shall contain evidence of informed consent or the reason it is unattainable.
(f) The patient record shall contain consent for release of information, the actual date the information was released, and the signature of the staff member who released the information. The patient shall be informed of the release of information as soon as possible.
(g) The hospital may release pertinent information to personnel responsible for the individual's care without the patient's consent under the following circumstances:
(i) in a life-threatening situation;
(ii) when an individual's condition or situation precludes obtaining written consent for release of information;
(iii) when obtaining written consent for release of information would cause an excessive delay in delivering essential treatment to the individual.
If the following services are used, R432-100 shall apply:
(1) Central Supply, R432-100-34.
(2) Dietary, R432-100-31.
(3) Laundry, R432-100-35.
(4) Maintenance Services, R432-100-37.
(5) Housekeeping, R432-100-36.
(1) If the hospital offers a partial hospitalization program, the following services may be included:
(a) crisis stabilization or the provision of intensive, short-term daily programming which averts psychiatric hospitalization or offers transitional treatment back into community life in order to shorten an episode of acute inpatient care; and
(b) intermediate term treatment which provides more extended, daily, goal directed clinical services for a population at high risk for hospitalization or readmission due to the serious or persistent nature of their psychiatric, emotional behavioral, or addictive disorder.
(2) If the specialty hospital offers partial hospitalization services, the hospital shall establish policies and procedures to address the following:
(a) Criteria for admission indicating a DSM IV Mental or Nervous condition;
(c) Treatment Planning;
(d) Active treatment;
(e) Coordination of Care; and
(f) Discharge criteria.
Any person who violates any provision of this rule may be subject to the penalties enumerated in 26-21-11 and R432-3-6 and be punished for violation of a class A misdemeanor as provided in 26-21-16.
health care facilities
April 11, 2011
November 5, 2015
26-21-2.1; 26-21-5; 26-21-6; 26-21-20
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R432, please contact the promulgating agency (Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Licensing). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.