Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since August 1, 2015, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R590. Insurance, Administration.
Rule R590-154. Unfair Marketing Practices Rule.
As in effect on August 1, 2015
Table of Contents
- R590-154-1. Authority.
- R590-154-2. Purpose and Scope.
- R590-154-3. Definitions.
- R590-154-4. Findings.
- R590-154-5. Producer, Limited Lines Producer or Consultant Agency Name.
- R590-154-6. Individual Licensee Name.
- R590-154-7. Sale, Solicitation, or Negotiation of Insurance.
- R590-154-8. Claiming or Representing Department Approval.
- R590-154-9. Bartering for Insurance.
- R590-154-10. Prohibited Insurance Sales Tie-Ins.
- R590-154-11. Electronic Platform and Application Systems.
- R590-154-12. Commission Contributions.
- R590-154-13. Prohibited Financing Arrangements.
- R590-154-14. Acting as An Individual or Agency Licensee in Other Jurisdictions.
- R590-154-15. Use of Comparative Information.
- R590-154-16. Disclosure of Insurer in Group Insurance.
- R590-154-17. Enforcement Date.
- R590-154-18. Severability.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
This rule is adopted pursuant to Subsection 31A-2-201(3) in which the commissioner is empowered to adopt rules to implement the provisions of the Utah Insurance Code and Sections 31A-23a-402 and 31A-23a-402.5, which provides that the commissioner may find certain practices to be misleading, deceptive, unfairly discriminatory, provide an unfair inducement, or unreasonably restrain competition, and to prohibit them by rule.
The purpose of this rule is to provide guidance to all licensees regarding unfair marketing practices.
(1) "Agency" means:
(a) A person other than an individual, including a sole proprietorship by which a natural person does business under an assumed name; and
(b) An insurance organization licensed or required to be licensed under Section 31A-23a-301.
(2) "Arm's length" means a transaction between two or more parties who are unrelated and unaffiliated by family, marriage or commercial enterprise. This transaction entails that the contract or price has been negotiated by parties, each party acting in his or her own self-interest, and that the sale price is based on fair market value.
(3) "Barter" means the sale of an insurance or annuity contract for anything of value other than cash or other negotiable instruments.
(4) "Discrimination testing" in 31A-23a-402.5(5)(b)(xii)(K) means either eligibility testing or utilization testing.
(a) Eligibility test results must demonstrate that eligibility is not limited to or weighted in favor of key or highly compensated employees. Self-funded plans (such as a cafeteria plan) may not exclude non-highly compensated employees from participating in favor of highly compensated or key employees. In accordance with Internal Revenue Service 26 USC 125(4) and 26 USC 410 the exclusion of certain groups of employees is allowed, including:
(i) employees with less than three years of service;
(ii) employees under age 25;
(iii) part-time or seasonal employees;
(iv) non-resident aliens; and
(v) collective bargaining employees.
(b) Utilization test results must demonstrate that comparable benefits are utilized by a fair number of employees at all compensation levels and for all positions. See 26 CFR Part 1-41, REG-156518-04, RIN 1545-BE10.
(5) "Fair market value" means what a knowledgeable, willing, and unpressured buyer would pay for a product or service to a knowledgeable, willing, and unpressured seller in the open market without any connection to other goods, services or contracts sold by the licensee.
(6) "Social courtesy" means a respectful act or expression of generosity that is not connected with the sale or retention of an insurance product, the fair market value of which is less than or equal to $25.00.
The commissioner finds that each of the practices prohibited in this rule constitute misleading, deceptive or unfairly discriminatory practices or provide an unfair inducement or unreasonably restrain competition, except as specifically allowed in this rule.
(1) An insurance producer, limited lines producer or consultant agency licensed under the laws of this state shall not use any name that is:
(a) misleading or deceptive;
(b) likely to be mistaken for another licensee already in business; or
(c) implies association or connection with any other organization where actual bona fide association or connection does not exist.
(2) A producer, limited line producer or consultant agency licensee shall comply with either of the following:
(a) The agency shall include words such as "insurance agency" or "insurance consultant" or other similar words in the agency's name.
(i) Other similar words such as "insurance services", "insurance benefits", "insurance counselors", or "insurance advisors" may also be used.
(ii) "Insurance consulting," "insurance consultants" or similar words shall only be used if the agency is licensed as a consultant.
(b) The agency shall state that the licensee is an insurance agency in any letterhead, business cards, advertising, slogan, emblem, or other promotional material used or distributed by the agency in the State of Utah.
(1) An individual shall be licensed using the individual's full legal name - first name or initial, middle name or initial, last name, suffix, jr/sr/II/III/etc.
(2) An individual may file with the department a preferred name or nickname to use in combination with the individual's full legal name.
(1) An individual licensee and a producer, limited line producer or consultant agency licensee shall not mislead or deceive a person or organization through oral contact or through any letterhead, business cards, advertising, slogan, emblem, or other promotional material used or distributed in Utah by:
(a) failing to disclose that the licensee is an individual insurance licensee or a producer, limited line producer or consultant agency licensee in every oral or written contact;
(b) using or implying license classifications not held by the individual licensee or natural persons designated to the producer, limited line producer or consultant agency licensee;
(c) using a name other than the exact name appearing on the producer, limited line producer or consultant agency license;
(d) using a name other than the individual licensee's full legal name exactly as filed with the department; or
(e) using an individual's preferred name or nickname when the preferred name or nickname has not been filed with the department.
(2) The use of an initial letter, rather than the full first or middle name is not a violation of this section.
(3) An individual may only use the name of a producer, limited line producer, or consultant agency that has its own separate agency license if the individual licensee is designated to act under that agency's license.
(4) An individual may not sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance as a producer, limited line producer, or consultant agency; unless the individual has a separate producer, limited line producer, or consultant agency license, and the individual is designated to act under the agency's license.
(1) A licensee may not represent, either directly or indirectly, that the department, the insurance commissioner, or any employee of the department, has approved, reviewed, endorsed, or in any way favorably passed upon any marketing program, insurance product, insurance company, practice or act.
(2) A licensee may report the fact of the filing of any form, financial report, or other document with the department, or of licensure, examination or other action involving the department, or the commissioner but may not misrepresent their effect or import.
Any licensee bartering for the sale of insurance or an annuity contract shall fully document the receipt of goods, services or other thing of value, establishing the value of the thing received and how the value was established, from whom received, the date received, and the premium cost of the insurance or annuity contract bartered for, and shall retain said documentation for three years following the expiration of the policy period or bartering transaction, whichever is longer. Any licensee bartering for the sale of an insurance or annuity contract shall disclose at the time of application to the insurer said bartering arrangement.
Multi-level marketing programs, investment programs, memberships, or other similar programs, designed or represented to produce or provide funds to pay all or any part of the cost of insurance constitutes an illegal inducement. This does not preclude the provision of insurance through a bona fide employee benefits program.
Producers or agencies may provide electronic platforms that provide directly related services of the insurance products to the employer. Fair market value must be charged for items such as human resources and legal services whether electronic or paper.
A licensee shall not give or offer to give a premium reduction by means of commission contribution back to the insurer for any purpose, including competition, unless the reduction is for expense savings and is justified by a reasonable standard and with reasonable accuracy. The insurer's underwriting files must document the savings in order to enable the commissioner to verify compliance. This documentation must demonstrate legitimate expense savings realized by the insurer and its producer.
A licensee may not obtain or arrange for third party financing of premium without the knowledge and consent of the insured.
An individual or agency licensee licensed in the State of Utah under a resident license, may not sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance in another jurisdiction unless licensed or permitted by law to do so in that jurisdiction.
(1) Every insurer marketing insurance in the State of Utah shall establish written marketing procedures to assure that any comparison of insurance contracts, annuities or insurance companies by its producers will be fair and accurate.
(2) A licensee may not use any published rating information regarding an insurer in connection with the marketing of any insurance contract or annuity unless that person also provides at the same time an explanation of what the rating means as defined by the rating service.
Every certificate of insurance or booklet describing coverage of a group insurance policy shall prominently state on the cover of the certificate or booklet the name and address of the actual insurer.
The commissioner shall begin enforcing the revised provisions of this rule on the rule's effective date.
If any provision of this rule or the application to any person or situation is held to be invalid, that invalidity shall not affect any other provision or application of this rule which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provision of this rule are declared to be severable.
insurance unfair marketing practices
October 3, 2012
March 20, 2013
31A-2-201; 31A-23a-402; 31A-23a-402.5
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R590, please contact the promulgating agency (Insurance, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.