Utah Department of Administrative Services Division of Administrative Rules

Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since November 1, 2014, please see the codification segue page.

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R590. Insurance, Administration.

Rule R590-173. Credit For Reinsurance.

As in effect on November 1, 2014

Table of Contents

R590-173-1. Authority.

This rule is promulgated pursuant to the authority granted by Section 31A-2-201 of the Insurance Code.

R590-173-2. Purpose.

The purpose of this rule is to set forth requirements the commissioner deems necessary to carry out the provisions of Section 31A-17-404. The actions and information required by this rule are necessary and appropriate to the public interest and for the protection of the ceding insurers in this state.

R590-173-3. Definitions.

A. "Accredited Reinsurer" means an insurer that has, by order of the commissioner, been designated as having met the requirements under Section 31A-17-404 for the allowance of credit against a ceding company's reserves for reinsurance ceded and the security factor required under Subsection 31A-17-404(1)(b) is satisfied in that it is an authorized insurer in at least one state as provided for in Subsection 31A-17-404(3)(e).

B. "Beneficiary" means the entity for whose benefit a trust has been established and any successor of the beneficiary by operation of law. If a court of law appoints a successor in interest to the named beneficiary, then the named beneficiary includes and is limited to the court appointed domiciliary receiver, including conservator, rehabilitator or liquidator.

C. "Grantor" means the entity that has established a trust for the benefit of the beneficiary. When established in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement, the grantor is the unlicensed, unaccredited, untrusteed assuming insurer.

D. "Liabilities" means the assuming insurer's gross liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States domiciled insurers that are not otherwise secured by acceptable means and includes:

(1) For business ceded by domestic insurers authorized to write disability or property and casualty insurance:

(a) losses and allocated loss expenses paid by the ceding insurer, recoverable from the assuming insurer:

(b) reserves for losses reported and outstanding;

(c) reserves for losses incurred but not reported;

(d) reserves for allocated loss expenses; and

(e) unearned premiums.

(2) For business ceded by domestic insurers authorized to write life, disability or annuity insurance:

(a) aggregate reserves for life policies and contracts net of policy loans and net due and deferred premiums:

(b) aggregate reserves for disability policies;

(c) deposit funds and other liabilities without life or disability contingencies; and

(d) liabilities for policy and contract claims.

E. "Mortgage-related security" means an obligation that is rated AA or higher, or the equivalent, by a securities rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) and that either:

(1) represents ownership of one or more promissory notes or certificates of interest or participation in the notes, including any rights designed to assure servicing of, or the receipt or timeliness of receipt by the holders of the notes, certificates, or participation of amounts payable under, the notes, certificates or participation, that:

(a) are directly secured by a first lien on a single parcel of real estate, including stock allocated to a dwelling unit in a residential cooperative housing corporation, upon which is located a dwelling or mixed residential and commercial structure, or on a residential manufactured home as defined in 42 U.S. C.A. Section 5402(6), whether the manufactured home is considered real or personal property under the laws of the state in which it is located; and

(b) were originated by a savings and loan association, savings bank, commercial bank, credit union, insurance company, or similar institution that is supervised and examined by a federal or state housing authority, or by a mortgagee approved by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to 12 U.S. C.A. Sections 1709 and 1715-b, or, where the notes involve a lien on the manufactured home, by an institution or by a financial institution approved for insurance by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to 12 U.S. C.A. Section 1703; or

(2) is secured by one or more promissory notes or certificates of deposit or participations in the notes, with or without recourse to the insurer of the notes, and, by its terms, provides for payments of principal in relation to payments, or reasonable projections of payments, or notes meeting the requirements of Items (1)(a) and (1)(b) of this subsection.

F. "Obligations," means:

(a) reinsured losses and allocated loss expenses paid by the ceding company, but not recovered from the assuming insurer;

(b) reserves for reinsured losses reported and outstanding;

(c) reserves for reinsured losses incurred but not reported; and

(d) reserves for allocated reinsured loss expenses and unearned premiums.

G. "Promissory note," when used in connection with a manufactured home, includes a loan, advance or credit sale as evidenced by a retail installment sales contract or other instrument.

H.(1) "Qualified United States financial institution" for the purposes of Section R590-173-7 and Subsection R590-173-8.A.(3) means an institution that:

(a) is organized or, in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, licensed under the laws of the United States or any state thereof;

(b) is regulated, supervised and examined by United States federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies; and

(c) has been determined by either the commissioner or the Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, to meet such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the commissioner.

(2) "Qualified United States financial institution," for general purposes of this rule, means an institution that is eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust that:

(a) is organized, or, in the case of a United States branch or agency office of a foreign banking organization, licensed, under the laws of the United States or any state of the United States and has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers; and

(b) is regulated, supervised and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.

I. "Trusteed Reinsurer" means an alien insurer which by order of the commissioner has been designated as having met the requirements under Section 31A-17-404 for the allowance of credit against a ceding company's reserves for reinsurance ceded and the security factor required under Subsection 31A-17-404(1)(b) is satisfied through a trust fund provided for in Subsection 31A-17-404(3)(d).

R590-173-4. Credit for Reinsurance - Reinsurer Licensed in this State.

The commissioner shall allow credit for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to assuming insurers authorized to do business in this state as of the date of the ceding insurer's statutory financial statement.

R590-173-5. Credit for Reinsurance - Accredited and Trusteed Reinsurers.

The commissioner shall allow credit for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer that has been granted accredited or trusteed reinsurer status in this state as of the date of the ceding insurer's statutory financial statement.

R590-173-6. Credit for Reinsurance - Reinsurer Domiciled and Licensed in Another State.

A. The commissioner shall allow credit for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer which as of the date of the ceding insurer's statutory financial statement:

(1) is domiciled and licensed in a state which employs standards regarding credit for reinsurance substantially similar to those applicable under Section 31A-17-404 and this rule;

(2) maintains total adjusted capital above the Company Action Level RBC; and

(3) files a properly executed Certificate of Assuming Insurer, Form AR-1, with the commissioner as evidence of its submission to this state's authority to examine its books and records.

B. The provisions of this section relating to surplus as regards policyholders will not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same insurance holding company system.

R590-173-7. Credit for Reinsurance - Reinsurers Maintaining Trust Funds.

A. The commissioner shall allow credit for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer which, as of the date of the ceding insurer's statutory financial statement maintains a trust fund in an amount prescribed below in a qualified United States financial institution, for the payment of the valid claims of its United States policyholders and ceding insurers, their assigns and successors in interest. The assuming insurer shall report annually to the commissioner substantially the same information as that required to be reported on the NAIC annual statement form by licensed insurers, to enable the commissioner to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund.

B. The following requirements apply to the following categories of assuming insurer:

(1) the trust fund for a single assuming insurer shall consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to business written in the United States, and in addition, a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000. For purposes of this section, liabilities attributable to business written in the United States means the liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States domiciled insurers.

(2)(a) The trust fund for a group of incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters shall consist of:

(i) for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment or renewal date on or after August 1, 1995, funds in trust in an amount not less than the group's aggregate liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group;

(ii) for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before July 31, 1995, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of this rule, funds in trust in an amount not less than the group's aggregate insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States; and

(iii) in addition to these trusts, the group shall maintain a trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all the years of account.

(b) The incorporated members of the group will not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members. The group shall, within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, provide to the commissioner:

(i) an annual certification by the group's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member of the group; or

(ii) if a certification is unavailable, a financial statement, prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the group.

(3)(a) The trust fund for a group of incorporated insurers under common administration shall:

(i) consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurers' aggregate liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled insurers to any members of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group and;

(ii) maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group; and

(iii) file a properly executed Certificate of Assuming Insurer, Form AR-1, as evidence of the submission to this state's authority to examine the books and records of any of its members and shall certify that any member examined shall bear the expense of any such examination.

(b) Within 90 days after the statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, the group shall file with the commissioner an annual certification of each underwriter member's solvency by the member's domiciliary regulators, and financial statements, prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the group.

C.(1) Credit for reinsurance will not be granted unless the form of the trust and any amendments to the trust have been approved by either the commissioner of the state where the trust is domiciled or the commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted responsibility for regulatory oversight of the trust. The form of the trust and any trust amendments also shall be filed with the commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument shall provide that:

(a) contested claims shall be valid and enforceable out of funds in trust to the extent remaining unsatisfied 30 days after entry of the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States;

(b) legal title to the assets of the trust shall be vested in the trustee for the benefit of the grantor's United States ceding insurers, their assigns and successors in interest;

(c) the trust shall be subject to examination as determined by the commissioner;

(d) the trust shall remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer, or any member or former member of a group of insurers, shall have outstanding obligations under reinsurance agreements subject to the trust; and

(e) no later than February 28 of each year the trustee of the trust shall report to the commissioner in writing setting forth the balance in the trust and listing the trust's investments at the preceding year-end, and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust will not expire prior to the following December 31.

(2)(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the amount required by this subsection or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or other designated receiver all of the assets of the trust fund.

(b) The assets shall be distributed by and claims of United States trust beneficiaries shall be filed with and valued by the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(c) If the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part of the trust fund are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States beneficiaries of the trust, the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust shall return the assets, or any part of the assets, to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

(d) The grantor shall waive any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with this provision.

D. Assets deposited in the trust shall be valued according to their fair market value and shall consist only of cash in United States dollars, certificates of deposit issued by a qualified United States financial institution, and investments of the type specified in this subsection, but investments in or issued by an entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with either the grantor or beneficiary of the trust will not exceed 5% of total investments. No more than 20% of the total of the investments in the trust may be foreign investments authorized under Subsection R590-173-7.D.(1)(e), (3), (5)(b) or (6), and no more than 10% of the total of the investments in the trust may be securities denominated in foreign currencies. A depository receipt denominated in United States dollars and representing rights conferred by a foreign security shall be classified as a foreign investment denominated in a foreign currency. The assets of a trust shall be invested only as follows:

(1) government obligations that are not in default as to principal or interest, that are valid and legally authorized and that are issued, assumed or guaranteed by:

(a) the United States or by any agency or instrumentality of the United States;

(b) a state of the United States;

(c) a territory, possession or other governmental unit of the United States;

(d) an agency or instrumentality of a governmental unit referred to in Subsections R590-173- 7.D.(1)(b) and (c) if the obligations shall be by law payable, as to both principal and interest, from taxes levied or by law required to be levied or from adequate special revenues pledged or otherwise appropriated or by law required to be provided for making these payments, but will not be obligations eligible for investment under this subsection if payable solely out of special assessments on properties benefited by local improvements; or

(e) the government of any other country that is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and whose government obligations are rated A or higher, or the equivalent, by a rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC;

(2) obligations that are issued in the United States, or that are dollar denominated and issued in a non-United States market, by a solvent United States institution, other than an insurance company, or that are assumed or guaranteed by a solvent United States institution, other than an insurance company, and that are not in default as to principal or interest if the obligations:

(a) are rated A or higher, or the equivalent, by a securities rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC, or if not so rated, are similar in structure and other material respects to other obligations of the same institution that are so rated;

(b) are insured by at least one authorized insurer, other than the investing insurer or a parent, subsidiary or affiliate of the investing insurer, licensed to insure obligations in this state and, after considering the insurance, are rated AAA, or the equivalent, by a securities rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC; or

(c) have been designated as Class One or Class Two by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC;

(3) obligations issued, assumed or guaranteed by a solvent non-United States institution chartered in a country that is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development or obligations of United States corporations issued in a non-United States currency, provided that in either case the obligations are rated A or higher, or the equivalent, by a rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC;

(4) an investment made pursuant to the provisions of Subsection R590-173-7.D. (1), (2) or (3) shall be subject to the following additional limitations:

(a) an investment in or loan upon the obligations of an institution other than an institution that issues mortgage-related securities will not exceed 5% of the assets of the trust;

(b) an investment in any one mortgage-related security will not exceed 5% of the assets of the trust;

(c) the aggregate total investment in mortgage-related securities will not exceed 25% of the assets of the trust; and

(d) preferred or guaranteed shares issued or guaranteed by a solvent United States institution are permissible investments if all of the institution's obligations are eligible as investments under Subsections R590-173- 7.D.(2)(a) and (2)(c), but will not exceed 2% of the assets of the trust.

(5) Equity interests

(a) Investments in common shares or partnership interests of a solvent United States institution are permissible if:

(i) its obligations and preferred shares, if any, are eligible as investments under this subsection; and

(ii) the equity interests of the institution, except an insurance company, are registered on a national securities exchange as provided in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S. C. Sections 78a to 78kk or otherwise registered pursuant to that Act, and if otherwise registered, price quotations for them are furnished through a nationwide automated quotations system approved by the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. A trust will not invest in equity interests under this subsection an amount exceeding 1% of the assets of the trust even though the equity interests are not so registered and are not issued by an insurance company;

(b) investments in common shares of a solvent institution organized under the laws of a country that is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, if:

(i) all its obligations are rated A or higher, or the equivalent, by a rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC; and

(ii) the equity interests of the institution are registered on a securities exchange regulated by the government of a country that is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development;

(c) an investment in or loan upon any one institution's outstanding equity interests will not exceed 1% of the assets of the trust. The cost of an investment in equity interests made pursuant to this subsection, when added to the aggregate cost of other investments in equity interests then held pursuant to this subsection, will not exceed 10% of the assets in the trust;

(6) obligations issued, assumed or guaranteed by a multinational development bank, provided the obligations are rated A or higher, or the equivalent, by a rating agency recognized by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC.

(7) Investment companies

(a) Securities of an investment company registered pursuant to the Investment Company Act of 1940, 15 U.S. C. Section 802, are permissible investments if the investment company:

(i) invests at least 90% of its assets in the types of securities that qualify as an investment under Subsection R590-173-7.D. (1), (2) or (3) or invests in securities that are determined by the commissioner to be substantively similar to the types of securities set forth in Subsection R590-173-7.D.(1), (2) or (3); or

(ii) invests at least 90% of its assets in the types of equity interests that qualify as an investment under Subsection R590-173-7.D.(5)(a);

(b) investments made by a trust in investment companies under this subsection will not exceed the following limitations:

(i) an investment in an investment company qualifying under Subsection R590-173-7.D.(7)(a)(i) will not exceed 10% of the assets in the trust and the aggregate amount of investment in qualifying investment companies will not exceed 25% of the assets in the trust; and

(ii) investments in an investment company qualifying under Subsection R590-173-7.D.(7)(a)(ii) will not exceed 5% of the assets in the trust and the aggregate amount of investment in qualifying investment companies shall be included when calculating the permissible aggregate value of equity interests pursuant to Subsection R590-173- 7.D.(5)(a).

E. A specific security provided to a ceding insurer by an assuming insurer pursuant to Section 8 of this rule shall be applied, until exhausted, to the payment of liabilities of the assuming insurer to the ceding insurer holding the specific security prior to, and as a condition precedent for, presentation of a claim by the ceding insurer for payment by a trustee of a trust established by the assuming insurer pursuant to this section.

R590-173-8. Asset or Reduction from Liability for Reinsurance Ceded to an Unauthorized Assuming Insurer not Meeting the Requirements of Sections 4 Through 7.

A. The commissioner shall allow a reduction from liability for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer. The reduction shall be in the amount of funds held by or on behalf of the ceding insurer, including funds held in trust for the exclusive benefit of the ceding insurer, under a reinsurance contract with such assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations under the reinsurance contract. The security shall be held in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by, and under the exclusive control of, the ceding insurer or, in the case of a trust, held in a qualified United States financial institution. This security may be in the form of any of the following:

(1) cash;

(2) securities listed by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC and qualifying as admitted assets;

(3) clean, irrevocable, unconditional and "evergreen" letters of credit that comply with Rule R590- 114 issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution; or

(4) any other form of security acceptable to the commissioner.

B. An admitted asset or a reduction from liability for reinsurance ceded to an unauthorized assuming insurer pursuant to this section shall be allowed only when the requirements of the applicable portions of Sections R590- 173-9 and 10 of this rule have been satisfied.

R590-173-9. Trust Agreements Qualified under Section 8.

A. Required conditions

(1) The trust agreement shall be entered into between the beneficiary, the grantor and a trustee, which shall be a qualified United States financial institution.

(2) The trust agreement shall create a trust account into which assets shall be deposited.

(3) All assets in the trust account shall be held by the trustee at the trustee's office in the United States.

(4) The trust agreement shall provide that:

(a) the beneficiary shall have the right to withdraw assets from the trust account at any time, without notice to the grantor, subject only to written notice from the beneficiary to the trustee;

(b) no other statement or document is required to be presented to withdraw assets, except that the beneficiary may be required to acknowledge receipt of withdrawn assets;

(c) it is not subject to any conditions or qualifications outside of the trust agreement; and

(d) it will not contain references to any other agreements or documents except as provided for in Subsection R590-173-9.A.(11).

(5) The trust agreement shall be established for the sole benefit of the beneficiary.

(6) The trust agreement shall require the trustee to:

(a) receive assets and hold all assets in a safe place;

(b) determine that all assets are in such form that the beneficiary, or the trustee upon direction by the beneficiary may, whenever necessary, negotiate any such assets, without consent or signature from the grantor or any other person or entity;

(c) furnish to the grantor and the beneficiary a statement of all assets in the trust account upon its inception and at intervals no less frequent than the end of each calendar quarter;

(d) notify the grantor and the beneficiary within 10 days, of any deposits to or withdrawals from the trust account;

(e) upon written demand of the beneficiary, immediately take any and all steps necessary to transfer absolutely and unequivocally all right, title and interest in the assets held in the trust account to the beneficiary and deliver physical custody of the assets to the beneficiary; and

(f) allow no substitutions or withdrawals of assets from the trust account, except on written instructions from the beneficiary, except that the trustee may, without the consent of but with notice to the beneficiary, upon call or maturity of any trust asset, withdraw such asset upon condition that the proceeds are paid into the trust account.

(7) The trust agreement shall provide that at least 30 days, but not more than 45 days, prior to termination of the trust account, written notification of termination shall be delivered by the trustee to the beneficiary.

(8) The trust agreement shall be made subject to and governed by the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled.

(9) The trust agreement shall prohibit invasion of the trust corpus for the purpose of paying compensation to, or reimbursing the expenses of, the trustee.

(10) The trust agreement shall provide that the trustee shall be liable for its negligence, willful misconduct or lack of good faith.

(11) Notwithstanding other provisions of this rule, when a trust agreement is established in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement covering risks other than life, annuities and disability, where it is customary practice to provide a trust agreement for a specific purpose, the trust agreement may provide that the ceding insurer shall undertake to use and apply amounts drawn upon the trust account, without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding insurer or the assuming insurer, only for the following purposes:

(a) to pay or reimburse the ceding insurer for the assuming insurer's share under the specific reinsurance agreement regarding any losses and allocated loss expenses paid by the ceding insurer, but not recovered from the assuming insurer, or for unearned premiums due to the ceding insurer if not otherwise paid by the assuming insurer;

(b) to make payment to the assuming insurer any amounts held in the trust account that exceed 102 % of the actual amount required to fund the assuming insurer's obligations under the specific reinsurance agreement; or

(c) where the ceding insurer has received notification of termination of the trust account and where the assuming insurer's entire obligations under the specific reinsurance agreement remain unliquidated and undischarged 10 days prior to the termination date, to withdraw amounts equal to the obligations and deposit those amounts in a separate account, in the name of the ceding insurer in any qualified United States financial institution apart from its general assets, in trust for such uses and purposes specified in Subsections R590-173-9.A.(11)(a) and (b) as may remain executory after such withdrawal and for any period after the termination date.

(12) Notwithstanding other provisions of this rule, when a trust agreement is established to meet the requirements of Section R590-173-8. in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement covering life, annuities or disability risks, where it is customary to provide a trust agreement for a specific purpose, the trust agreement may provide that the ceding insurer shall undertake to use and apply amounts drawn upon the trust account, without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding insurer or the assuming insurer, only for the following purposes:

(a) to pay or reimburse the ceding insurer for:

(i) the assuming insurer's share under the specific reinsurance agreement of premiums returned, but not yet recovered from the assuming insurer, to the owners of policies reinsured under the reinsurance agreement on account of cancellations of the policies; and

(ii) the assuming insurer's share under the specific reinsurance agreement of surrenders and benefits or losses paid by the ceding insurer, but not yet recovered from the assuming insurer, under the terms and provisions of the policies reinsured under the reinsurance agreement;

(b) to pay to the assuming insurer amounts held in the trust account in excess of the amount necessary to secure the credit or reduction from liability for reinsurance taken by the ceding insurer; or

(c) where the ceding insurer has received notification of termination of the trust and where the assuming insurer's entire obligations under the specific reinsurance agreement remain unliquidated and undischarged 10 days prior to the termination date, to withdraw amounts equal to the assuming insurer's share of liabilities, to the extent that the liabilities have not yet been funded by the assuming insurer, and deposit those amounts in a separate account, in the name of the ceding insurer in any qualified United States financial institution apart from its general assets, in trust for the uses and purposes specified in Subsections R590-173-9.A.(12)(a) and (b) as may remain executory after withdrawal and for any period after the termination date.

(13) The reinsurance agreement may, but need not, contain the provisions required in Subsection R590- 173-9.C.(1)(b), so long as these required conditions are included in the trust agreement.

(14) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the commissioner with regulatory oversight or other designated receiver all of the assets of the trust fund. The assets shall be applied in accordance with the priority statutes and laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled applicable to the assets of insurance companies in liquidation. If the commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that all or part of the trust assets are not necessary to satisfy claims of the United States beneficiaries of the trust, all, or any part of the assets shall be returned to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

B. Permitted conditions.

(1) The trust agreement may provide that the trustee may resign upon delivery of a written notice of resignation, effective not less than 90 days after the beneficiary and grantor receive the notice and that the trustee may be removed by the grantor by delivery to the trustee and the beneficiary of a written notice of removal, effective not less than 90 days after the trustee and the beneficiary receive the notice, provided that no such resignation or removal shall be effective until a successor trustee has been duly appointed and approved by the beneficiary and the grantor and all assets in the trust have been duly transferred to the new trustee.

(2) The grantor may have the full and unqualified right to vote any shares of stock in the trust account and to receive from time to time payments of any dividends or interest upon any shares of stock or obligations included in the trust account. Any interest or dividends shall be either forwarded promptly upon receipt to the grantor or deposited in a separate account established in the grantor's name.

(3) The trustee may be given authority to invest, and accept substitutions of, any funds in the account, provided that no investment or substitution shall be made without prior approval of the beneficiary, unless the trust agreement specifies categories of investments acceptable to the beneficiary and authorizes the trustee to invest funds and to accept substitutions that the trustee determines are at least equal in market value to the assets withdrawn and that are consistent with the restrictions in Subsection R590-173-9.C.(1)(b).

(4) The trust agreement may provide that the beneficiary may at any time designate a party to which all or part of the trust assets are to be transferred. Transfer may be conditioned upon the trustee receiving, prior to or simultaneously, other specified assets.

(5) The trust agreement may provide that, upon termination of the trust account, all assets not previously withdrawn by the beneficiary shall, with written approval by the beneficiary, be delivered to the grantor.

C. Additional conditions applicable to reinsurance agreements:

(1) A reinsurance agreement may contain provisions that:

(a) require the assuming insurer to enter into a trust agreement and to establish a trust account for the benefit of the ceding insurer, and specify what the agreement is to cover;

(b) stipulate that assets deposited in the trust account shall be valued according to their current fair market value and shall consist only of cash in United States dollars, certificates of deposit issued by a United States bank and payable in United States dollars, and investments permitted by the Insurance Code or any combination of the above, provided investments in or issued by an entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with either the grantor or the beneficiary of the trust will not exceed 5% of total investments. The reinsurance agreement may further specify the types of investments to be deposited. Where a trust agreement is entered into in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement covering risks other than life, annuities and disability, then the trust agreement may contain the provisions required by this subsection in lieu of including such provisions in the reinsurance agreement;

(c) require the assuming insurer, prior to depositing assets with the trustee, to execute assignments or endorsements in blank, or to transfer legal title to the trustee of all shares, obligations or any other assets requiring assignments, in order that the ceding insurer, or the trustee upon the direction of the ceding insurer, may whenever necessary negotiate these assets without consent or signature from the assuming insurer or any other entity;

(d) require that all settlements of account between the ceding insurer and the assuming insurer be made in cash or its equivalent; and

(e) stipulate that the assuming insurer and the ceding insurer agree that the assets in the trust account, established pursuant to the provisions of the reinsurance agreement, may be withdrawn by the ceding insurer at any time, notwithstanding any other provisions in the reinsurance agreement, and shall be utilized and applied by the ceding insurer or its successors in interest by operation of law, including without limitation any liquidator, rehabilitator, receiver or conservator of such company, without diminution because of insolvency on the part of the ceding insurer or the assuming insurer, only for the following purposes:

(i) to pay or reimburse the ceding insurer for:

(I) the assuming insurer's share under the specific reinsurance agreement of premiums returned, but not yet recovered from the assuming insurer, to the owners of policies reinsured under the reinsurance agreement because of cancellations of such policies;

(II) the assuming insurer's share of surrenders and benefits or losses paid by the ceding insurer pursuant to the provisions of the policies reinsured under the reinsurance agreement; and

(III) any other amounts necessary to secure the credit or reduction from liability for reinsurance taken by the ceding insurer;

(ii) to make payment to the assuming insurer, amounts held in the trust account in excess of the amount necessary to secure the credit or reduction from liability for reinsurance taken by the ceding insurer.

(2) The reinsurance agreement also may contain provisions that:

(a) give the assuming insurer the right to seek approval from the ceding insurer, which will not be unreasonably or arbitrarily withheld, to withdraw from the trust account all or any part of the trust assets and transfer those assets to the assuming insurer, provided:

(i) the assuming insurer shall, at the time of withdrawal, replace the withdrawn assets with other qualified assets having a market value equal to the market value of the assets withdrawn so as to maintain at all times the deposit in the required amount; or

(ii) after withdrawal and transfer, the market value of the trust account is no less than 102 % of the required amount;

(b) provide for the return of any amount withdrawn in excess of the actual amounts required for Subsection R590-173-9.C.(1)(e), and for interest payments at a rate not in excess of the prime rate of interest on the amounts held pursuant to Subsection R590-173-9.C.(1)(e); and

(c) permit the award by any arbitration panel or court of competent jurisdiction of:

(i) interest at a rate different from that provided in Subsection R590-173-9.C.(2)(b);

(ii) court or arbitration costs;

(iii) attorney's fees; and

(iv) any other reasonable expenses.

(3) Financial reporting

A trust agreement may be used to reduce any liability for reinsurance ceded to an unauthorized assuming insurer in financial statements required to be filed with this department in compliance with the provisions of this rule when established on or before the date of filing of the financial statement of the ceding insurer. Further, the reduction for the existence of an acceptable trust account may be up to the current fair market value of acceptable assets available to be withdrawn from the trust account at that time, but such reduction will be no greater than the specific obligations under the reinsurance agreement that the trust account was established to secure.

(4) Existing agreements

Any trust agreement or underlying reinsurance agreement in existence prior to the effective date of this rule shall continue to be acceptable until January 1, 1999, at which time the agreements must fully comply with this rule for the trust agreement to be acceptable.

(5) The failure of any trust agreement to specifically identify the beneficiary will not be construed to affect any actions or rights that the commissioner may take or possess pursuant to the provisions of the laws of this state.

R590-173-10. Other Security.

A ceding insurer may take credit for unencumbered funds withheld by the ceding insurer in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by the ceding insurer and under its exclusive control.

R590-173-11. Contracts Affected.

All new and renewal reinsurance transactions entered into after the effective date of this rule shall conform to the requirements of this rule if credit is to be given to the ceding insurer for such reinsurance.

R590-173-12. Severability.

If any provision of this rule or its application to any person or circumstance is, for any reason, held to be invalid, the remainder of this rule and its application to other persons or circumstances are not affected.

KEY

insurance

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

July 16, 1997

Notice of Continuation

June 27, 2012

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

31A-2-201


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R590, please contact the promulgating agency (Insurance, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.